Union Regimental Histories




1st Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Rippon and Kenosha, Wis., September 1, 1861, to February 2, 1862. Mustered in March 10, 1862. Left State for St. Louis, Mo., March 17, 1862, and duty at Benton Barracks, Mo., until April 28. Moved to Camp Girardeau, Mo., April 28. Attached to Vandever's Brigade, District of Southeast Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to October, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, District of Southeast Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1864. 2nd Brigade; 1st Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Scout and patrol duty in Southeast Missouri until October, 1862. Expedition to Bloomfield, Mo., May 10-11. Action at Bloomfield May 10. Chalk Bluffs May 15. Operations in Dunklin County May 16-20. Expedition to Madison, Ark., July 9-22. Scatterville July 10. Guerrilla Campaign against Porter's and Poindexter's forces July 20-September 10. West Prairie July 23. Bloomfield July 29. Jonesboro, Ark., August 2-3 (2nd Battalion). Jackson, Langnelle's Ferry and Scatterville August 3. At Cape Girardeau until October 3. Scout to Wayne, Stoddard and Dunklin Counties August 20-27 (Detachment). Bloomfield August 29 and September 11. Moved to Greenville October 3, thence to Patterson October 19. Expedition after Greene's guerrillas October 20-November 3. Duty at Patterson until January, 1863. Moved to Alton and West Plains January. At West Plains, Pilot Knob and St. Genevieve until March. Batesville February 4. Moved to Cape Girardeau March 10. Scout from Bloomfield to Scatterville March 24-April 1. Operations against Marmaduke April 17-May 2. Whitewater River April 24 (Co. "E"). Cape Girardeau April 26. Near Whitewater Bridge April 27. Castor River, near Bloomfield, April 29. Bloomfield April 29-30. Chalk Bluff, St. Francis River, April 30-May 1. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., May 31-June 13. Triune June 19. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Eaglesville and Rover June 23. Middleton June 24. Fosterville, Guy's Gap and Shelbyville June 27. Bethpage Bridge, Elk River, July 2. Expedition to Huntsville July 13-22. At Huntsville and Fayetteville, Ala., until August 15. At Larkinsville until August 31. Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign. Reconnaissance toward Rome, Ga.. September 11. Apine and Dirt Town September 12. Near Stevens' Gap September 18. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-20. Boy Valley and Lookout Church September 22. Missionary Ridge and Shallow Ford Gap September 22. Operations against Wheeler and Roddy September 30-October 17. Anderson's Cross Roads October 2. Maysville, Ala., October 13. Camp at Winchester until November 20. Movement to Murfreesboro, thence into East Tennessee November 20-December 14. Operations about Dandridge and Mossy Creek November 24-28. Mossy Creek Station December 24. Pack's House, near New Market, December 24. Mossy Creek December 26. Talbot Station December 28. Mossy Creek, Talbot Station, December 29. Near Mossy Creek January 11-12, 1864. Operations about Dandridge January 16-17. Bend of Chucky Road, near Dandridge, January 16. Dandridge January 17. Operations about Dandridge January 26-28. Fair Garden January 27. Swann's Island January 28. Expedition from Motley's Ford to Murphey, N. C., February 17-22. Cleveland April 2. Mink Springs, near Cleveland, April 13. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Catoosa Springs May 3. Varnell's Station May 7 and 9. Demonstrations on Dalton May 9-13. Tilton May 13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cassville May 19. Stilesboro May 23. Burnt Hickory May 24. About Dallas May 25-June 5. Burned Church May 26 and May 30-June 1. Ackworth June 3-4. Big Shanty June 6. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Howell's Ferry July 1. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Beachtown July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. McCook's Raid on Atlanta & West Point Railroad July 27-31. Campbellton July 28. Newnan July 30-31. Expedition to Jasper August 11-15. At Cartersville August 18-October 17. Rousseau's pursuit of Wheeler September 1-8. At Calhoun until November 14. Ordered to Louisville, Ky., November 14, and duty there until December 4. Pursuit of Lyon from Paris to Hopkinsville, Ky., thence march to Nashville, Tenn., December 6, 1864, to January 8, 1865. Action at Hopkinsville, Ky., December 16. At Chickasaw, Ala., until March, 1865. Wilson's Raid from Chickasaw, Ala., to Macon, Ga., March 22-April 24. Centreville April 1. Selma April 2. Lowndesborough April 10 (Cos. "A" and "B"). Montgomery April 12. Columbus Road, near Tuskegee, April 14. Fort Tyler, West Point, Ga., April 16. Macon April 20. Irwinsville, Ga., May 10. Capture of Jeff Davis. At Macon and Nashville, Tenn., until July. Mustered out at Edgefield, Tenn., July 19, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 67 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 7 Officers and 321 Enlisted men by disease. Total 401.

2nd Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Milwaukee, Wis., December 30, 1861, to March 10, 1862. Left State for St. Louis, Mo., March 24, 1862. Duty at Benton Barracks, Mo., until May 15. Moved to Jefferson City, thence to Springfield, Mo., and duty there until June 14. Attached to Steele's Command, Army of Southwest Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of the Tennessee, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to February, 1863. 3rd Brigade, District of Memphis, Tenn., 5th Division, 16th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to June, 1863. Bussey's Cavalry Brigade. Herron's Division, 13th Army Corps, to August, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 17th Army Corps, to September, 1863. 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1864. Winslow's Cavalry Brigade, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to July, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Military Division Gulf, to August, 1865. Dept. of Texas to November, 1865.

SERVICE.--March to Batesville, Jacksonport and Helena, Ark., June 14-July 12, 1862, and duty there until January, 1863. Action at Yellville, Ark., June 25, 1862. Near Fayetteville July 15. Expedition from Helena to Moro August 5-8 (Detachment). Near Helena August 11. Near Helena September 19-20. Expedition against Arkansas Post November 16-21. Expedition to Yellville November 25-29. Expedition from Helena to Grenada, Miss.. November 27-December 5. Oakland, Miss., December 3. LaGrange, Ark., December 30. Lick Creek, Ark., January 12, 1863. Clarendon Road, near Helena, January 15. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., February 4, and duty there until May. Nonconah Creek, near Memphis, April 4. Expedition to Coldwater April 17-20. Horn Lake Creek May 18 (Co. "L"). Expeditions to Hernando, Miss., May 23-24, 26 and 28 (Detachments). Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., June 10-13. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 13-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Clinton July 8. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Canton July 12. Expedition to Yazoo City July 12-21, 1863 (Detachment). Bolton's Depot July 16. Grant's Ferry, Pearl River, July 16. Briar Creek, near Canton, July 17. Duty at lied Bone Church until April 27, 1864. Action at Red Bone Church September 25, 1863. Ingraham's Plantation, near Port Gibson, October 10. Red Bone April 21, 1864. Moved to Vicksburg April 27, and duty there until December. Salem May 29 (Detachment). Worthington's and Sunnyside Landings, Fish Bayou, June 5. Old River Lake or Lake Chicot June 6. Expedition from Vicksburg to Pearl River July 2-10. Clinton July 4. Jackson July 5-6. Clinton July 7. Expedition from Vicksburg to Rodney and Fayette September 29-October 3. Port Gibson October 1. Fayette and Cole Creek October 3. Expedition from Natchez to Woodville October 4-11. Woodville October 5-6. Fort Adams, La., October 5 and 7. Operations in Issaqueena and Washington Counties October 24-31. Expedition from Vicksburg to Gaines' Landing and Bayou Macon, La., November 6-8. Expedition from Vicksburg to Yazoo City November 23-December 4. Concord Church December 1. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., December 8. Grierson's Expedition to destroy Mobile & Ohio Railroad December 21, 1864, to January 15, 1865. Franklin Creek December 21-22, 1864. Egypt Station December 28. Expedition from Memphis to Marion, Ark., January 19-22, 1865 (Detachment). Duty at Memphis, Tenn., until June. Expedition into Northern Mississippi March 3-11. (Part of Regiment ordered to Grenada, Miss., May 9, and duty there until June 24, when rejoined Regiment at Alexandria, La.) Ordered to Alexandria, La., June. March from Alexandria to Hempstead, Texas, August 8-26, and duty there until October. March to Austin, Texas, and there mustered out November 15, 1865. 1st Battalion (Cos. "A," "D," "G" and "K") served detached June 13, 1862, to September, 1864. Ordered to Cassville, Mo., June 13, 1862, and duty there until October, 1862. Pineville June 23. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to June, 1863. District of Rolla, Dept. of Missouri, to August, 1864. District of North Missouri to September, 1864. Duty at Osage Springs, Mo., October, 1862, to December, 1862. Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark., December 7. Expedition over Boston Mountains to Van Buren, Ark., December 27-29. At Forsythe, Mo., until March, 1863. At Lake Springs until June, 1863. At Rolla until September, 1864. Lane's Prairie, Mo., May 26, 1864. Scout in Phelps and Marias Counties August 1 (Co. "A"). Rejoined Regiment at Vicksburg, Miss., September, 1864.

Regiment lost during service 24 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 284 Enlisted men by disease. Total 312.

3rd Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Janesville, Wis., November 30, 1861, to January 31, 1862. Mustered in January 28, 1862. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., March 26-28, 1862, and duty at Benton Barracks, Mo., until May 23. Moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kan., May 23-27. Assigned to frontier and provost duty in Kansas until September, 1862. Company "D" at Atchison; Company "G" at Shawnee; Company "L" at Aubrey; Companies "B" and "H" at Fort Leavenworth; Companies "A," "E" and "K" at Leavenworth City. Companies "C," "F," "I" and "M" moved to Fort Scott, Kan., June 12-17. Company "C" stationed at Trading Post until August; Company "I" at Carthage until August, Action at Monticello August 5. Rocky Bluff August 7. Taberville August 11. Expedition to Montevallo August 14-24. Hickory Grove August 23. Regiment assembled at Fort Scott September. Attached to Solomon's 1st Brigade. Herron's 1st Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to November, 1862. Cavalry Command, Herron's Division, Army of the Frontier, to June, 1863. District of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, District of the Frontier, to January, 1864. Unassigned, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to April, 1864. Unassigned, Little Rock, Ark., 7th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, Post of Little Rock, 7th Army Corps, to April, 1865. Unassigned, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, to June, 1865. District of South Kansas, to September, 1865.

SERVICE.--Expedition from Fort Leavenworth to Independence August 12-14, 1862. (Cos. "I" and "M" at Fort Scott until May, 1863; also "C" and "G," December, 1862, to July, 1863; Co. "G" relieved and ordered to Regiment.) 1st and 3rd Battalions in Blount's Campaign in Missouri and Arkansas against Raines and Parsons September to December, 1862. Cross Hollows September 27-28. Newtonia September 30. Occupation of Newtonia October 4. Cane Hill November 28. Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark., December 7. Expedition over Boston Mountains to Van Buren, Ark., December 27-29. Dripping Springs December 28. Carthage, Mo., January 13, 1863. Moved to Forsythe, thence to Springfield, Mo. Duty there and at Drywood until June. Scouting in Southwest Counties of Missouri and Northwest Arkansas, and operating against Patty's, Livingston's and Quantrell's guerrillas, with numerous skirmishes in Barton, Jasper and Newton Counties. Action at Carrollton March 2. Yellville March 4. The Island March 30. Clapper's Saw Mill, near Crooked Creek, I. T., March 31 (Detachment). Jackson County April 2. Companies "B," "O," "H," "I" and "M" march to Fort Blount, C. N., as escort to train, May 14-30. Near Fort Gibson May 20 and 25, and near Fort Blount May 30. Regiment moved to Fort Blount June 20-July 5. Action at Cabin Creek July 1-2 (Co. "B"). Honey Springs July 17 and August 22. Perryville August 26. Marias Des Cygnes August 31. At Schuyleyville, C. N., until October· Expedition through Jackson, Cass, Johnson and Lafayette Counties September 8-23 (Cos. "B" and "L"). Choctaw Nation October 2. Baxter Springs October 6 (Cos. "C" and "I"). Fort Blair, Waldron, October 7. Choctaw Nation October 7. Waldron October 16. Clarksville October 28. Raid from Van Buren to Dallas November 12-22. Duty at Van Buren November, 1863, to March, 1864. Moved to Little Rock March 30-April 16. Veterans on furlough March 30-June 16, then moved to Little Rock via St. Louis, Memphis and Devall's Bluff June 16-July 27. Clarendon July 14 (Non-Veterans). Expedition from Little Rock to Little Red River August 6-16. Hickory Plains and Bull's Bayou August 7. Bull's Bayou and Jacksonport August 26. Pursuit of Shelby's forces August 28-September 7. Expedition from Little Rock to Fort Smith September 25-October 13 (Detachment). Clarksville September 28 and October 19. Expedition from Lewisburg to Benton November 2-3. Duty at Little Rock until April, 1865 (Cos. "B," "E," "G," "H," "I," "K" and "L"). Expedition up White River to Devall's Bluff December 13-15, 1864. Regiment reorganized into 5 Companies April 16, 1865. Moved to Duvall's Bluff April 21, and duty there until June 3. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., June 3, thence to Rolla and Springfield, Mo., and marched to Fort Leavenworth, Kan., July 18-August 3. Mustered out at Fort Leavenworth September 8, 1865. Companies "A," "C," "D," "F" and "M" served detached in District of the Border October, 1863, to January, 1864. In District of Kansas to September, 1864. District of South Kansas to April, 1865, and District of North Kansas to September, 1865, serving at different posts in Missouri and Kansas, Sub-District of Fort Scott, at Forts Insley, Mo., Hamer, Mo., Curtis, Mo., McKean, Mo., Pawnee Creek, Kan., etc. Arkansas Creek near Fort Larned November 13, 1863 (Detachment). Dogwood Creek May 16 (Co. "C"). Lane's Prairie, Marian County, May 26. Actions at Montevallo, Mo., June 12, 1864 (Detachment). Big North Fork Creek Mo., June 16 (Co. "C"). Near Dogwood July 7. Osage Mission, Kan., September 26. Operations against Price in Missouri and Arkansas September to November, 1864. Lexington October 19 (Detachment). Near Montevallo October 19. Little Blue October 21. Big Blue and State Line October 22. Westport October 23. Engagement at the Marmiton or Battle of Chariot October 25. Mine Creek, Little Osage River, October 25. Newtonia October 28. Drywood October 29. Company "A" changed to Company "K," Company "C" to Company "H," Company "D" to Company "I," and Company "M" to Company G," April 16, 1865. Companies "F" and "H" on expedition to explore country from Fort Riley, Kan., to Denver, Colo., Smoky Hill Route, March to July, 1865. Mustered out at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., September 29, 1865. Companies "G" and "L" mustered out October 26, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 61 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 6 Officers and 147 Enlisted men by disease. Total 217.

4th Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Racine, Wis., as 4th Wisconsin Infantry and mustered in July 2, 1861. Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 15-22. Attached to Dix's Division, Baltimore, Md., to February, 1862. Williams' Brigade, Butler's New Orleans Expedition, to April, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1862. Grover's Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 19th Army Corps, July, 1863. District of Baton Rouge, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1863. (Designation changed to 4th Cavalry August 22, 1863.) Unattached, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1864. District Baton Rouge, La., Dept. Gulf, to June, 1864. 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. Gulf, to August, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. Gulf, to February, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, District of Baton Rouge, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Military Division West Mississippi to April, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to May, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1865. Dept. of Texas, to May, 1866.

SERVICE.--Guard railroad near Baltimore, Md., until November, 1861. Expedition to eastern shore of Maryland November 14-22. Duty at Baltimore until February, 1862. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., February 19, thence sailed on Steamer "Constitution" for Ship Island, Miss., March 5, arriving there March 13, and duty there until April 16. Operations against Forts St. Phillip and Jackson April 16-29. Surrender of Fort St. Phillip April 29. Occupation of New Orleans May 2. Expedition to New Orleans and Jackson Railroad May 8-10. Occupation of Baton Rouge May 12. Reconnaissance to Warrenton May 14-29. At Baton Rouge until June 17. Expedition from Baton Rouge June 7-9 (2 Cos.). Williams' Expedition to Vicksburg, Miss., and operations in that vicinity June 20-July 26. Grand Gulf June 23-24. Battle of Baton Rouge, La., August 5. Evacuation of Baton Rouge August 20. At Carrollton until September 29 and at Camp Parapet until December 19. Bayou Des Allemands September 4-5. Expedition from Carrollton to St. Charles' Court House September 7-8. Bonnet Carre near St. Charles' Court House September 8. Moved to Baton Rouge December 19, and duty there until February, 1863. (Co. "G" detached for Heavy Artillery service in the Defenses of New Orleans November 13, 1862, to August 14, 1863.) Moved to Bayou Plaquemine February 6, 1863. Expedition to Indian Village February 13. To New Orleans February 23, thence to Baton Rouge March 6. Demonstration on Port Hudson March 7-27. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Fort Bisland April 12-13. Pursuit to Opelousas April 15-20. Expedition to Bayou Plaquemine April 22-23. Expedition from Opelouses to Chicotsville and Bayou Boeuf April 26-29. Near Washington May 1. Boyce's Bridge, Cotile Bayou, May 14. Cheyneyville May 18. March to Port Hudson May 19-25. Siege of Port Hudson May 25-June 9. Expedition to Niblitt's Bluff May 26-29. Assault on Port Hudson June 14. Grierson's Expedition to Clinton June 1-6. Clinton June 3-4. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Moved to Baton Rouge, La., July 25, and duty there until September. Designation of Regiment changed to 4th Wisconsin Cavalry August 22, 1863. Duty at Baton Rouge engaged in scouting, picketing and operating against guerrillas in that section of country lying between the Comite, Amite and Mississippi Rivers until June, 1864. Near Baton Rouge September 8, 1863 (Detachment). Greenwell Springs Road September 19 (Detachment), and October 5. Donaldsville February 8, 1864. New River February 9. Expedition to Rosedale February 14-22. Baton Rouge March 8. Black Bayou March 19. Reconnaissance to Clinton May 1. Olive Branch Church near Baton Rouge May 3. Baton Rouge June 16. Plaquemine June 28. Ordered to Morganza June 29, and duty there until August 9. Plaquemine August 6. Moved to Baton Rouge August 9. Near Bayou Letsworth August 11. Expedition to Clinton August 25-29. Olive Branch, Comite River and Clinton August 25. Expedition to Clinton, Greensburg and Camp Moore October 5-9. Expedition from Baton Rouge to Brookhaven, Miss., and skirmishes November 14-21. Liberty Creek November 15. Jackson November 21. Davidson Expedition to Mobile & Ohio Railroad and Pascagoula Bay November 27-December 13. At Baton Rouge until April, 1865. Mobile Campaign April. Capture of Mobile April 12. March through Alabama to Georgia and to Vicksburg, Miss., April 18-June 5. Moved to Shreveport, La., June 26-July 2. March to San Antonio, Texas July 8-August 3, and duty there until October. Expedition to Fort Inge and to Fort Clark and Eagle Pass September. Guard and patrol duty along the Rio Grande from Brownsville to Laredo until May, 1866. Mustered out at Brownsville May 28, 1866. Moved to Madison, Wis., June 3-18, and discharged June 19, 1866.

Regiment lost during service 11 Officers and 106 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 311 Enlisted men by disease. Total 431.


Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

Previous Page      Regimental Index

E-mail the Webmaster