Union Regimental Histories

 

Rhode Island

 

1st Regiment Infantry

Organized in Rhode Island, April, 1861. Moved to Washington, D.C., April 20 and 24, 1861. Duty at Camp Sprague, Defences of Washington, till July 16. Attached to Burnside's Brigade, Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, June-July. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Left Washington for home July 25. Mustered out August 2, 1861.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 16 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 8 Enlisted men by disease. Total 25.

2nd Regiment Infantry

Organized at Providence June, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., June 19. Attached to Burnside's Brigade, Hunter's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Couch's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Couch's Brigade, Buell's Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, to July, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac and Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--At Camp Sprague, Washington, D. C., till July 16, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. At Camp Sprague and Brightwood, Defences of Washington, till March, 1862. March to Prospect Hill, Va., March 11-15. Embarked at Alexandria, Va., for the Peninsula March 26. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Slatersville, New Kent C. H., May 9. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove near Seven Pines June 25. James River Road near Fair Oaks June 29. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing till August 15. Reconnoissance to Turkey Island August 5-6, and to Haxall's Landing August 8-11. Movement to Alexandria August 15-September 1, thence march into Maryland September 3-18. At Downsville September 23-October 20. Movement to Stafford C. H., Va., October 20-November 18, and to Belle Plains December 5. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations about Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Deep Run Ravine or Franklin's Crossing June 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Funkstown, Md., July 10-13. At Warrenton, Va., till September. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station till May, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Old members left front for muster out June 11. Mustered out June 17, 1864. Before Petersburg June 17-18. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Siege of Petersburg till July 9. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Garrison duty at Winchester September 22-December 1. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 2-6. Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Expedition to Danville April 23-27. Moved to Washington via Richmond May 20-June 7. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out July 13, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 111 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 74 Enlisted men by disease. Total 196.

3rd Regiment Infantry

Organized at Providence August, 1861. Left State for Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor, September 7, 1861, thence moved to Washington, D.C., September 14-16, returning to Fort Hamilton September 22. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., October 12-14. Attached to Sherman's South Carolina Expeditionary Corps. Expedition to Port Royal, S.C., October 28-November 7. Capture of Forts Walker and Beauregard, Port Royal Harbor, November 7. Designation of Regiment changed to 3rd Rhode Island Heavy Artillery December 19, 1861. (See 3rd Heavy Artillery.)

 

4th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Providence, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 2. At Camp Casey till November 28, and at Camp California till December 14. Mustered in October 30, 1861. Attached to Casey's Provisional Division, Army Potomac, October-November, 1861. Howard's Brigade, Sumner's Division, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1861. Parke's 3rd Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Getty's Division, at Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Heckman's Division, Portsmouth, Va., to March, 1864. Norfolk, Va., to April, 1864. District of St. Mary's Point, Lookout, Md., to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to October, 1864.

SERVICE.--At Edsall's Hill, Defences of Washington, D.C., December 14, 1861, to January 3, 1862. Moved to Annapolis, Md., January 3, 1862. Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C., January 7-February 8, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 9. Duty at Roanoke Island till March 11. Advance on New Berne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Siege of Fort Macon March 23-April 26. Bombardment and capture of Fort Macon April 25-26. Duty at Beaufort and New Berne till July. Moved to Newport News, Va., July 6-8, thence to Fredericksburg August 3-6, and duty there till August 31. Moved to Brook's Station, thence to Washington, D.C., August 31-September 3. Maryland Campaign September-October. Battles of South Mountain September 14, and Antietam September 16-17. Duty in Pleasant Valley, Md., till October 30. Advance to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 8, thence to Suffolk March 13. Siege of Suffolk April 12-May 4. Nansemond River May 4. Reconnoissance to the Chickahominy June 9-13. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 8. Expedition from White House to South Anna River July 1-7. Duty at Portsmouth till March 1, 1864, and at Norfolk till April 1. At Point Lookout, Md., guarding prisoners till July. Ordered to Petersburg, Va., July 16. Siege of Petersburg July to October. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Old members mustered out October 15, 1864. Veterans and Recruits consolidated with 7th Rhode Island Infantry.

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 68 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 67 Enlisted men by disease. Total 140.

5th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Providence as a Battalion of 5 Companies and mustered in December 16, 1861. (5 new Cos. organized December 27, 1862.) Moved to Annapolis, Md., December 27-29, 1861. Attached to Parke's 3rd Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade. 1st Division, Dept. North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to May, 1863. Lee's Brigade, Defences of New Berne, N. C., Dept. North Carolina, to July, 1863.

SERVICE.--Burnside's Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C., January 7-February 8, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 9. At Roanoke Island till March 11. Expedition up Currituck Sound February 19. Advance to New Berne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Operations against Fort Macon March 19-April 26. Moved to Havelock Station, Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad, March 19-20. Companies "A," "B" and "C" to Newport Barracks March 23, thence Battalion moved to Carolina City April 4. At Bogue Banks April 6-30. Camden, South Mills, April 19. At Fort Macon April 30-June 30. At Beaufort, N. C., till August 7, and at New Berne till December. Expedition to Tarboro November 2-12. Rawle's Mills November 2. Demonstration on New Berne November 11. Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Duty at New Berne till May, 1863. Expedition to relief of Little Washington April 7-10. Duty in the Defences of New Berne till July. Designation of Regiment changed to 5th Rhode Island Heavy Artillery July, 1863. (See 5th Heavy Artillery.)

Regiment lost during service as Infantry and Heavy Artillery 1 Officer and 8 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 106 Enlisted men by disease. Total 119.

6th Regiment Infantry

Failed to complete organization.

7th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Providence May to September, 1862. Moved to Washington, D.C., September 10-12, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, Military District of Washington, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1863; Dept. Ohio to June, 1863, and Army Tennessee to September, 1863. District of North Central Kentucky, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Camp at Capital Hill, Defences of Washington, D.C., till September 16, 1862, and at Arlington Heights, Va., till October 1. Moved to Sandy Hook, Md., October 1. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 27-November 19. Warrenton, Sulphur Springs, November 15. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News February 9, thence to Lexington, Ky., March 25-31. Moved to Winchester, thence to Richmond, Ky., April 18. To Paint Creek May 3, and to Lancaster May 10. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., June 4-14. Siege of Vicksburg June 15-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Milldale till August 8. Moved to Nicholasville, Ky., August 8-18, thence to Lexington September 7, and provost duty there till April, 1864. Moved to Virginia April 2-23. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21; Stannard's Mill May 21; North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16. 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Garrison of Fort Sedgwick November 1, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fail of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee to Farmville April 3-9. Moved to Petersburg and City Point, thence to Washington, D.C., April 20-28. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 9, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 85 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 108 Enlisted men by disease. Total 199.

8th Regiment Infantry

Failed to complete organization.

9th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Providence May 26, 1862. Moved to Washington, D.C.. by Detachments, May 27 and 29. Duty at Camp Frieze, Tennallytown, till July. Moved to Fairfax Seminary, Va., July 1. Garrison duty in the Defences of Washington till September. Company "A" at Fort Greble, "B" at Fort Meigs, "C" at Fort Ricketts, "D" at Fort Snyder, "E" and "K" at Fort Baker, "F" at Fort Carroll, "G" at Fort Dupont, "H" at Fort Wagner, "I" at Fort Stanton and "L" at Fort Davis. Mustered out September 2, 1862.

Regiment lost 4 by disease.

10th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Providence May 26, 1862. Moved to Washington, D.C., May 27-29. Attached to Sturgis' Command. Military District of Washington. Duty at Camp Frieze, Tennallytown, till June 26. Assigned to garrison duty in the Defences of Washington. Company "A" at Fort Franklin, "B" and "K" at Fort Pennsylvania, "C" at Fort Cameron, "D" at Fort DeRussy, "E" and "I" at Fort Alexander, "F" at Fort Ripley, "G" at Fort Gaines, "H" at Battery Vermond and Battery Martin Scott and "L" near Fort Pennsylvania. Left for home August 25. Mustered out September 1, 1862.
Regiment lost 3 by disease.

11th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Providence and mustered in October 1, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 6. Attached to Military District of Washington to December, 1862. District of Alexandria, Defences of Washington, and 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863.

SERVICE.-- Duty at East Capital Hill, Fort Ethan Allen and Miner's Hill, Defences of Washington, till January 14, 1863. Guard duty at Convalescent Camp till April 15. Moved to Norfolk, thence to Suffolk April 15-19. Siege of Suffolk April 19-May 4. Siege of Suffolk raised May 4. Expedition to destroy Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad and Seaboard & Roanoke Railroad May 16-27. Expedition to Blackwater June 12-18. Moved to Norfolk June 19, thence to Yorktown, and to Williamsburg June 22. Duty at Williamsburg till June 30. Left Yorktown for home July 2. Mustered out July 13, 1863.

Regiment lost 8 by disease.

12th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Providence and mustered in for nine months October 18, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 21. Attached to 1st Brigade, Casey's Division, Military District of Washington, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. Ohio, to May, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. Ohio, to July, 1863.

SERVICE.--Camp at Arlington Heights and at Fairfax Seminary, Va., Defences of Washington, D.C., till December 1, 1862. March to Falmouth, Va., December 1-8. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnside's second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 9, thence to Lexington, Ky., March 25-31. Duty at Lexington, Winchester, Boonsboro, Richmond, Paint Lick and Lancaster, Ky., till April 23. Moved to Crab Orchard April 23, and duty there till June 3. March from Nicholasville to Somerset June 3-9. Duty at Stigall's Ferry, Jamestown and guarding fords of the Cumberland River till July 5. Moved to Somerset July 5, thence to Crab Orchard, and started home July 11. Duty at Cincinnati, Ohio, July 15-19. Moved to Providence July 19-22. Mustered out July 29, 1863.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 11 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 46 Enlisted men by disease. Total 59.

Independent Company Hospital Guards

Organized at Portsmouth Grove December 6, 1862. Mustered out August 26, 1865.

 

 

Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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