Union Regimental Histories

 

Rhode Island

 

1st Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Pawtucket as 1st New England Cavalry, afterwards designated 1st Rhode Island Cavalry, December 14, 1861, to March 3, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., March 12 and 14, 1862. Attached to Stoneman's Cavalry Command, Army of the Potomac, March, 1862. Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Banks' 5th Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah, to May, 1862. Shields' Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock (3rd Battalion); Geary's Command, Dept. of the Rappahannock (1st Battalion), to June, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Stoneman's Corps of Observation to December, 1862. Averill's Cavalry Brigade, Centre Grand Division, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to January, 1864. Cavalry Brigade, Camp Stoneman, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. Abercrombie's Command, Belle Plains, Va., to June, 1864. Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac, to August, 1864. Headquarters Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to October, 1864. 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Shenandoah, to March, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, Army Shenandoah, to June, 1865. Middle Dept. to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until April. 1862. Moved to Warrenton Junction, Va., April 4. Reconnaissance to Rappahannock River April 16 (3rd Battalion). Warrenton Junction April 16. Reconnaissance to Liberty Church April 16. Occupation of Mt. Jackson April 17 (4 Cos.). Reconnaissance to Rappahannock Crossing April 18 (4 Cos.). Advance to Front Royal May 29. Front Royal May 30 (3rd Battalion). Strasburg June 1. Columbia Bridge April 2. Edenburg June 3. Miller's Bridge June 4. New Market June 5. Harrisonburg June 6. Cross Keys June 8. Port Republic and Mountain Road June 9. Scouting on the Rappahannock until August. Reconnaissance to James City July 22-24. Rapidan River August 3-4. Slaughter River August 7. Robinson's River August 8. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Stevensburg, Raccoon Ford and Brandy Station August 20. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Catlett's Station August 22. Rappahannock Station August 23. New Baltimore August 27. Gainesville August 28. Bull Run August 30. Centreville, Chantilly and Germantown August 31. Chantilly September 1. White's Ford September 15 and October 12. Advance to Falmouth, Va., October 27. Mountsville October 31 (Cos. "K," "L" and "M"). Hazel Run November 16. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15 (Cos. "K" and "M"). Expedition to Richards and Ellis Fords December 29-30. Hartwood Church February 25, 1863. Kelly's Ford March 17. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 8. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Kelly's Ford April 29. Rapidan Station May 1. Ellis Ford May 4. Stevensburg, Beverly Ford and Brandy Station June 9. Near Middleburg and Thoroughfare Gap June 17. Aldie June 18 and 27. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Scouting and outpost duty on Upper Potomac until September. Advance front Rapidan to the Rappahannock September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Rapidan Station September 15. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Near Warrenton October 12. White Sulphur Springs, Culpeper, October 12-13. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Brentsville October 14. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. New Hope Church November 27 Duty in the Defenses of Washington until May. 1864. (3rd Battalion transferred to 1st New Hampshire Cavalry January 5, 1864.) Regiment reported to Gen. Abercrombie at Belle Plain, Va., May 14. Picket duty at Port Conway and Port Royal May 24-30. Bowling Green May 29. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Shepherdstown August 25-26. Kearneysville August 25. Smithfield August 29. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill and Milford September 21-22. Brown's Gap September 24. Waynesboro September 29. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Raid to Gordonsville December 8-28. Jack's Shop, near Gordonsville, December 23. Consolidated to a Battalion of 4 Companies January 1, 1865. Sheridan's Raid from Winchester February 27-March 3. Waynesboro March 2. Guard prisoners from Waynesboro to Winchester March 3-8. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until June 22. At Monrovia Station and Relay House, Md., until August. Mustered out at Baltimore, Md., August 3, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 16 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 77 Enlisted men by disease. Total 96.

2nd Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Providence November 21, 1862. Ordered to New Orleans, La., and duty there until March, 1863. Attached to 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 19th Army Corps, to August, 1863.

SERVICE.--Moved to Baton Rouge, La., March 6-7, 1863. Operations against Port Hudson March 7-27. Moved to Algiers, thence to Berwick April 1-9. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Franklin April 14. Near Washington May 1. Expedition from Opelousas to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-18. Operations about Monett's Plantation and on Bayou Sara Road May 18-19. Moved to Bayou Sara, thence to Port Hudson May 22-25. Siege of Port Hudson May 25-July 9. Jackson Cross Roads June 20. Springfield Landing July 2. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Consolidated to a Battalion of 4 Companies August 24, 1863, and transferred to 1st Louisiana Cavalry August 24, 1863. Camp Hubbard, Thibodeaux, August 29-30. Again transferred to 3rd Rhode island Cavalry January 14, 1864.

Regiment lost during service 4 Enlisted men killed and 31 by disease. Total 35.

3rd Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Providence September 12, 1863. 1st Battalion moved to New Orleans, La., December 31, 1863, to January 14, 1864. Attached to Defenses of New Orleans, Dept. Gulf, to March, 1864. 5th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. Defenses of New Orleans, La., to October, 1864. District of LaFourche, Dept. Gulf, to November, 1865.

SERVICE.--Red River Campaign March 10-May 22, 1864. Advance to Alexandria March 14-26. Monett's Ferry and Cloutiersville March 29-30. Natchitoches March 31. Campti April 4. Sabine Cross Roads April 8. Pleasant Hill April 9. Natchitoches April 19. (Cos. "E," "F" and "L" moved to join Regiment at Alexandria April 20-22.) Action at Tunica Bend April 21. About Cloutiersville April 22-24. Monett's Ferry or Cane River Crossing April 23. Gov. Moore's Plantation May 1-2. Alexandria May 11-12. Retreat from Alexandria to Morganza May 13-20. Natchitoches May 14. Mansura May 16. Near Moreauville May 17. Yellow Bayou May 18. Near Morganza May 24. Reached Fort Banks, Opposite New Orleans, June 2. Companies "G" and "H" reported at New Orleans May 8 and joined Regiment at Greenville June 10. Regiment dismounted June 22, and duty as Infantry in the Defenses of New Orleans until September. Remounted September 20. Assigned to duty in the District of LaFourche at Donaldsonville, Napoleonville, Thibodeaux, Camp Parapet, Plaquemine, Houma, Hermitage Plantation and other points in Louisiana, scouting and patrol duty and operating against guerrillas, until November, 1865. Action at Napoleonville November 1, 1864, and at Doyall's Plantation November 29. 1864 (Detachment). Expedition from Brashear City to Whiskey Bayou January 16-18, 1865 (Cos. "B," "I" and "K"). Expedition from Napoleonville to Grand River January 18-19 (Detachment). Scout from Donaldsonville January 19-20 (Detachment). Skirmish, Thompson's Plantation, January 23. Scouts from Bayou Goula to Grand River January 29-February 7. Skirmish, Richland Plantation, January 30. Expedition from Thibodeaux to Lake Verret and Bayou Planton January 30-31 (Co, "H"). Near Lake Verret January 30. Skirmish, Kittredge's Sugar House, near Napoleon, February 10. Expedition from Donaldsonville to Grand Bayou and Bayou Goula February 14-18. Skirmish, Martin's Lane, February 15 (Cos. "D," "F" and "K"). Expedition from Plaquemine to the Park February 17-22 (Detachment). Expedition from the Hermitage to the French Settlement April 2-5 (Detachment). Expedition to Lake Verret, Grand Bayou, etc., April 2-10. Expedition from Terre Bonne to Pelion's Plantation and Grand Caillou April 19-25 (Co. "M."). operations about Brashear City April 30-May 12. Bayou Goula May 9. Expedition from Bayou Boeuf to Bayou de Large May 25-27. Affair, Bayou de Large, May 27. Mustered out November 29, 1865.

Lost during service 8 Enlisted men killed and 4 Officers and 135 Enlisted men by disease. Total 147.

7th Squadron Cavalry

Organized at Providence and mustered in for three months June 24, 1862. Moved to Washington, D.C., June 28-30. Attached to Military District of Washington, Wadsworth's command, to July, 1862. Sturgis' Command. Military District of Washington, to August, 1862. Winchester, Va., to September, 1862. Miles' Command. Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September, 1862.

SERVICE.---Duty at Camp Clark and Camp Sprague, Defenses of Washington, until July 25, 1862. Moved to Alexandria, Va., July 25, thence to Winchester, Va., August 1. Duty at Camp Sigel, Winchester, until September 3 Retreat to Newtown and Middleburg, thence to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 3-4. Maryland Heights September 12-13. Defense of Harper's Ferry September 13-15. Escaped through enemy's lines September 15 and participated in the capture of 100 wagons of Longstreet's train September 16. Mustered out September 26, 1862, expiration of term.

 

 

Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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