Union Regimental Histories

 

United States Regular Army Artillery

 

1st Regiment Artillery

 

Battery "A" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Fortress Monroe, Va., January, 1861. Fort Pickens and Pensacola, Fla., Dept. of the South, June, 1861, to September, 1862. Defenses of New Orleans, La., Dept. Gulf, to February, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf, to August, 1863. Defenses of New Orleans, La., to January, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf, to August, 1864.

SERVICE.--Embarked on Steamer "Brooklyn" for Fort Pickens, Fla., January 24, 1861, arriving in Pensacola Harbor February 6. Garrison duty at Fort Pickens until May, 1862. Action on Santa Rosa Island October 9, 1861. Bombardment of Forts McRae and Barrancas, Pensacola Harbor, November 22-23, 1861, and January 1, 1862. Capture of Forts McRae and Barrancas May 9. Moved to Pensacola May 13, and duty there until August. Moved to New Orleans, La.. August 30-September 3, and duty in the defenses of that city until January, 1863. Expedition up Bayou Teche January 11-18. Engagement with Steamer "Cotton" January 14. Moved to Baton Rouge, La. Expedition against Port Hudson March 7-27. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Fort Bisland, near Centerville. April 12-13. Jeanerette April 14. Vermillion Bayou April 17. Expedition to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-16. Moved to Port Hudson May 18-23. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Moved to Donaldsonville July 13, thence to Baton Rouge, La., August 2. Sabine Pass (Texas) Expedition September 2-12. Duty at New Orleans, La., until January, 1864. Expedition to Madisonville January 3. Garrison duty at New Orleans until July. Moved to New York July 27-August 3, thence to Washington, D.C. Consolidated with Battery "F," 1st Artillery, and remounted. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., 22nd Corps, until September, 1865, when resumed separate organization.

Battery "B" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Fort Taylor, Key West, Fla., January, 1861, to June, 1862. Attached to District Key West, Fla., Dept. South, January to June, 1862. District Beaufort, S.C., Dept. South, to September, 1862. District of Beaufort, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. South, to March, 1863. District Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Corps, to July, 1863. Morris Island, S.C., 10th Corps, to September, 1863. Folly Island, S.C., Gordon's Division, 10th Corps, to January, 1864. District Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Corps, to February, 1864. Light Brigade, District Florida, Dept. South, to April, 1864. 2nd Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, to May, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 10th Army Corps, to June, 1864. Kautz's Cavalry Division, Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 18th Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 24th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty at Fort Taylor, Key West, Fla., until June, 1862. Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., thence to Beaufort, S.C., June 18-21, and duty there until March 20, 1863. Expedition to destroy Charleston & Savannah Railroad October 21-24. Battle of Pocotaligo, S.C., October 22. Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., March 20. Expedition against Charleston, S.C., April 5-13. Siege operations from Folly Island, S.C., against Morris Island, S.C., May to July. Attack on Morris Island July 10. Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, and against Fort Sumter and Charleston, S.C., July 11-September 7. Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg September 7. Moved to Folly Island, and duty there until November 26. Moved to Kiowah Island November 26, thence to Hilton Head, S.C., January 24, 1864. Expedition to Florida February 5-7. Capture of Jacksonville February 7. Expedition from Jacksonville to Lake City, Fla., April 7-22. Ten Mile Run, near Camp Finnegan, February 8. Barber's Place February 10. Lake City February 11. Battle of Olustee February 20. McGirt's Creek, Cedar Creek, March 1. Cedar Run April 2. Moved to Gloucester Point, Va., April 25-May 4. Butler's operations on south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 5-28. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drury's Bluff May 14-16. Bermuda Hundred May 20-21. Duty in trenches at Bermuda Hundred until May 28. Moved to White House, thence to Cold Harbor May 28-June 1. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 15-19. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Wilson's Raid on Southside & Danville Railroad June 22-30. Staunton River Bridge or Roanoke Station June 25. Sappony Church or Stony Creek June 28-29. Ream's Station June 29. Duty at Point of Rocks, near Petersburg, until September. Demonstration on north side of the James September 28-30. Battle of Chaffin's Farm September 28-30. Johnson's Farm, Darbytown Road, October 7. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. In trenches north of the James until March, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 27-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 29-April 2. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice's Station April 6. Appomattox Court Horse April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty at Richmond, Va., until October, 1865. Dismounted and ordered to Fort Hamilton, New York Harbor.

Battery "C" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Fortress Monroe, Va., January, 1861. Attached to District Fortress Monroe, Va., Dept. of Virginia, April, 1861, to February, 1862. Unattached, Burnside's North Carolina Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. Unattached, Dept. North Carolina, to December, 1862. Artillery Brigade, Dept. North Carolina, to January, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 18th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina and Dept. of the South, to April, 1863. District Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Corps, Dept. South, to June, 1863. Folly Island, S.C., 10th Corps, to July, 1863. Morris Island, S. C., 10th Corps, to December, 1863. Fort Macon, N. C., Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, to October, 1864. Fort Independence, Boston Harbor, to October, 1865.

SERVICE.--Garrison at Fortress Monroe, Va., until February, 1862. Ordered to the field in North Carolina February 12. At Fort Hatteras, N. C., until March 12. Burnside's Expedition against New Berne March 12-14. Battle of New Berne February 14. Capture of Morehead City March 23. Operations against Fort Macon March 23-April 25. Capture of Fort Macon April 25. Garrison duty at Fort Macon until January, 1863. Foster's Expedition to Port Royal, S.C., January 26-February 5. At St. Helena Island and Hilton Head, S. C., until June. Expedition against Charleston April 3-13. Moved to Folly Island, S.C., June. Attacked on Morris Island, S.C., July 10. Siege of Fort Wagner and Battery Gregg, Morris Island, and operations against Fort Sumter and Charleston, S.C., July 11-September 7. Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg September 7. On Ordnance duty until January, 1864. At Fort Macon, N. C., and in the Dept. of North Carolina until July. Joined Battery "D," 1st Artillery, before Petersburg, Va., July 25, and temporarily consolidated with it. Siege of Petersburg, Va., until October. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Deep Bottom August 14. Deep Run August 15. Russell's Mills August 16. Strawberry Plains August 16-18. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Laurel Hill October 7. Duty north of the James before Richmond until October 31. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Detached from Battery "D" and moved to Concord, N.H., October 31-November 5, thence to Fort Independence, Boston Harbor, November 28, and duty there until October, 1865.

 

Battery "D" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Washington, D.C., February, 1861. Attached to Fort Washington, Md., April to December, 1861. Fort Taylor, Fla., Dept. of the South, to June, 1862. District of Beaufort, S.C., Dept. of the South, to September, 1862. District of Beaufort, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. South, to April, 1864. Artillery, 2nd Division, 10th Army Corps, Army James, to August, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 10th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 25th Army Corps, to November, 1865.

SERVICE.--Moved to Fort Washington, Md., April 15, 1861, and duty there until December. Ordered to Fort Taylor, Fla., December 21, and duty there until June 18, 1862. Moved to Hilton Head, thence to Beaufort, S.C., June 18-21, and duty there until April, 1864. Action at Port Royal Ferry July 4, 1862. Pocotaligo, S.C., October 22, 1862 (Detachment). Expedition against Charleston April 3-12. Moved to Gloucester Point, Va., April, 1864. Butler's operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond, Va., May 4-June 15. Occupation of City Point May 5. Port Walthal May 7. Swift Creek May 9. Chester Station May 10. Proctor's Creek May 10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drury's Bluff May 14-16. Defenses of Bermuda Hundred May 20-21. Duty in the Defenses of Bermuda Hundred until June 15. Petersburg June 9. Assaults on Petersburg June 15-19. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Demonstration north of the James River August 13-20, 1864. Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Russell's Mills August 16. Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Darbytown Road October 7. Duty in trenches north of James before Richmond until April, 1865. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28, 1864. Occupation of Richmond April 3, 1865. Moved to Rio Grande, Texas, May, 1865. Duty at Ringgold Barracks until November, then ordered to Fort Hamilton, New York Harbor.

Battery "E" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, S. C., January, 1861. Defense of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, April 12-13, 1861. Evacuation of Fort Sumter April 13. Reached Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor, April 19. Moved to Chambersburg, Pa., June 3, and Joined Patterson's army. Attached to Patterson's army to October, 1861. Hooker's Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Artillery Reserve, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 2nd Regular Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Horse Artillery, Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to October, 1865.

SERVICE.--Ordered to Washington, D.C., August 26, 1861. Duty at Arsenal and at Camp Duncan, Defenses of Washington, until March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 26-July 1. Savage Station and Peach Orchard June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centerville August 16-28. Pope's Virginia Campaign August 28-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19-20. At Sharpsburg until October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15. At Falmouth, Va., until April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 19. Upperville June 21. Ashby's Gap June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Near Harper's Ferry July 14. Shepherdstown July 16. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Custer's Raid into Albemarle County February 28-March 1, 1864. Near Charlottesville February 29. Stannardsville March 1. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 8. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-21; Milford Station May 21; Chesterfield May 23; North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Mechump's Creek May 31. Cold Harbor June 1-5. Sharp's Farm June 3. Moved to Washington, D.C., June 18. Garrison duty at Forts Willard and Strong, Defenses of Washington, D.C., 22nd Army Corps, until October, 1865.

Battery "F" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Fort Duncan, Eagle Pass, Texas, January, 1861. Garrison Fort Taylor, Fla., until May, 1861. Moved to Fort Pickens, Fla., May 24, 1861, and duty there until May, 1862. Attached to District Fort Pickens and Pensacola, Fla., Dept. of the South, to August, 1862. Defenses New Orleans, La., Dept. Gulf, to January, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf, to March, 1864. Artillery, Cavalry Division, Dept. Gulf, to June, 1864. Defenses of Washington, D.C., 22nd Army Corps, to October, 1865.

SERVICE.--Bombardment of Forts McRae and Barrancas, Pensacola Harbor, Fla., November 22-23, 1861, and January 1, 1863. Capture of Forts McRae and Barrancas May 9. Moved to Pensacola, Fla., May 13, and duty there until August. Moved to New Orleans, La., August 30-September 3, and duty in the defenses of that city until February, 1863. Moved to Baton Rouge, La. Expedition to Port Hudson, La., March 7-27. Moved to Brashear City April 2-7. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Fort Bisland April 12-13. Jeannette April 14. Vermillion Bayou April 17. Expedition from St. Martinsville to Breux Bridge and Opelousas April 17-21. Expedition to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-16. Moved to Port Hudson, La., May 18-23. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Moved to Baton Rouge July 13-August 2. Sabine Pass Expedition September 4-12. Western Louisiana ("Teche") Campaign October 3-November 17. At New Iberia until December. Moved to New Orleans and duty there until March, 1864. Red River Campaign. Moved to Alexandria on Red River March 30-April 3, and duty there until May 13. Retreat to Morganza May 13-22, with Lucas' Cavalry Brigade, Marksville May 15. Avoyelle's Prairie, Mansura, May 16. At Morganza until June. Expedition from Morganza to the Atchafalaya May 30-June 5. Moved to New Orleans, thence to New York July 27-August 3, and to Washington, D.C., August 5. Duty in the Defenses of that city until October, 1865. Moved to Fort Trumball, Conn.

Battery "G" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Fort Pickens, Fla., January to May, 1861. Moved to Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor, May 13-26, thence to Washington, D.C., July 8. At Arlington Heights, Va., until July 16. Attached to Richardson's Brigade, Tyler's Division, McDowell's Army Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Richardson's Brigade, Division Potomac, to October, 1861. Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac (temporarily attached to Batteries "E" and "K," 1st Artillery, February, 1862), to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Artillery Reserve, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 2nd Regular Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army Potomac, to June, 1864.

SERVICE.--Reconnaissance from Alexandria on Fairfax, Richmond and Mt. Vernon Roads July 14. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Occupation of Fairfax Court House July 17. Blackburn's Ford July 18. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 26-July 1. Golding's Farm June 27. Savage Station and Peach Orchard June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centerville August 16-28. Pope's Campaign in Virginia August 28-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Crampton's Pass September 14. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19-20. At Sharpsburg, Md., until October 30. Movement to Falmouth October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15. At Falmouth until April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-6. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 19. Upperville June 20-21. Ashby's Gap June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Shepherdstown July 16. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Custer's Raid into Albemarle County February 28-March 1. Near Charlottesville February 29. Stannardsville March 1. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 5. Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania May 8-21. Milford Station May 21. Chesterfield May 23. North Anna May 23-26. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Machump's Creek May 31. Cold Harbor June 1-5. Sharp's Farm June 3. Moved to Washington, D.C., June 18, and garrison duty at Forts Willard and Strong, Defenses of Washington, 22nd Corps, to October, 1865.

Battery "H" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Fort Sumter, S. C, January, 1861. Duty there until April, 1861. Defense of Fort Sumter April 12-13. Evacuation of Fort Sumter April 13 and reached Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor, April 19. Moved to Chambersburg, Pa., June 3, and Joined Gen. Patterson's army. Ordered to Washington, D.C., arriving August 28. Attached to Reserve Artillery, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Potomac, to May, 1862. 1st Regular Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to March, 1864. Camp Barry, D.C., to April, 1864. Consolidated with Battery "I" April 20, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Horse Artillery, Potomac, to May, 1865. Dept. of Washington.

SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until March, 1862. Moved to Virginia Peninsula March. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove June 25. Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Washington, D.C., August 16-23. Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad November 10-12. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15. "Mud March" January 20-24. Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church February 5-7. At Falmouth until April. Rappahannock Bridge April 14. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12, 1864. Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania May 8-21. North Anna May 23-26. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-7. Sheridan's Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station and White House or St. Peter's Church June 21. St. Mary's Church June 24. At Light House Point June 29-July 27. At Camp Barry until September. Arthur's Swamp September 29. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 1. Wyatt's Road October 1. Boydton Plank Road October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 12. Dabney's Mills February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Namozine Church April 3. Paine's Cross Roads April 5. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23.

Battery "I" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., January, 1861. Moved to Washington, D.C., January 7-29, 1861, and duty there until July. Attached to Wilcox's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army Northeastern Virginia, to August, 1861. Stone's Brigade, Division Potomac, to October, 1861. Stone's (Sedgwick's) Division, Army Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army Potomac, to November, 1862. Reserve Artillery, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, to November, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Horse Artillery, Artillery Reserve, Potomac, to May, 1865. Defenses of Washington, D.C., 22nd Corps.

SERVICE.--Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Moved to Poolesville, Md., August 7-15. Duty there and at Edward's Ferry until March, 1862. Ball's Bluff October 21, 1861. Edward's Ferry October 22. Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula March, 1862. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Station July 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Moved to Alexandria, Va., August 16-23. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. At Harper's Ferry until October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg December 11-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Advance to line of the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania Court House May 8-21; North Anna River May 23-26; Totopotomoy May 28-31; Cold Harbor June 1-7; Gaines' Mill, Salem Church and Haw's Shop June 2. Sheridan's Trevillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station and White House or St. Peter's Church June 21. St. Mary's Church June 24. At Light House Point June 29-July 27. At Camp Barry, D.C., until September. Arthur's Swamp September 29. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 1. Wyatt's Road October 1. Boydton Plank Road October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney's Mills February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Namozine Church April 3. Paine's Cross Roads April 5. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Washington, D. C., May. Grand Review May 23.

Battery "K" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Eagle Pass, Fort Duncan, Texas, January and February, 1861. Moved to Fort Taylor, Fla., and duty there until January, 1862. Moved to Washington, D.C. Attached to Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Artillery Reserve, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. Reserve Artillery, 5th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Horse Artillery, Army Potomac, to June, 1864. Camp Barry, D.C., to August, 1864. Horse Artillery, Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. Horse Artillery Reserve, Army Shenandoah, to April, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, Army Shenandoah.

SERVICE.--Moved to Virginia Peninsula March, 1862. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Malvern Hill July 1. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centerville August 16-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15. At Falmouth, Va., until April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Brandy Station or Fleetwood and Beverly Ford June 9. Upperville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Williamsburg and Hagerstown, Md., July 6. Boonsboro July 8. Benevola or Beaver Creek July 9. About Funkstown July 10-13. Brandy Station August 1-4. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-15. Culpeper Court House September 13. Robertson's Ford September 15. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Jeffersontown October 12-13. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Reconnaissance from Bealeton to Front Royal January 1-4, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania Court House May 8-21. North Anna May 23-26. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Ream's Station June 21. Wilson's Raid on Southside & Danville Railroad June 22-30. Nottaway Court House June 23. Sappony Church or Stony Creek June 28-29. Ream's Station June 29. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 12-14. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Kearneysville August 25. Leetown and Smithfield August 28. Smithfield Crossing, Opequan Creek, August 29. Savior's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 15. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 21. Milford September 22. Mt. Jackson September 23-24. Port Republic September 26-27. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Defenses of Washington and Shenandoah Valley until August, 1865.

 

Battery "L" 1st Artillery

Duty at Fort Duncan, Eagle Pass, Texas, January, 1861. Moved to Fort Jefferson, Fla., February 20, 1861, and to Fort Pickens, Fla. May 24, 1861. Attached to District Fort Pickens and Pensacola, Fla., Dept. South, to September, 1862. Defenses New Orleans, La., Dept. Gulf, to December, 1862. Grover's Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1863. Artillery, 4th Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf, to August, 1863. Artillery Reserve, 19th Army Corps, to January, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, to August, 1864. Defenses Washington, 22nd Army Corps, August, 1864. Horse Artillery, Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to December, 1864. Horse Artillery (Reserve), Army Shenandoah, to April, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, Army Shenandoah.

SERVICE.--Duty at Fort Pickens, Fla., until May, 1862. Bombardment of Forts McRae and Barrancas, Pensacola Harbor, November 22-23, 1861, and January 1, 1862. Reconnaissance on Santa Rosa Island January 27-31, 1861. Capture of Forts McRae and Barrancas May 9. Moved to Pensacola May 13, and duty there until August. Moved to New Orleans, La., August 30-September 3, and duty there until December. Moved to Baton Rouge, La., and duty there until March, 1863. Expedition to Port Hudson March 7-27. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Fort Bisland April 12-13. Porter's and McWilliams' Plantation at Indian Bend April 14. Irish Bend April 14. Bayou Vermillion April 17. Expedition to Breux Bridge and Opelousas April 17-21. Expedition to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-16. Moved to Port Hudson May 18-23. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Moved to Baton Rouge July 13-August 2. Sabine Pass Expedition September 4-12. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 17. At New Iberia until December. Moved to New Orleans, La., and duty there until March, 1864. Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Advance from Franklin to Alexandria March 14-26. Battle of Sabine Cross Roads April 8. Pleasant Hill April 9. Monett's Ferry, Cane River Crossing, April 23. At Alexandria during construction of dam April 30-May 10. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Marksville May 15. Avoyelle's Prairie, Mansura, May 16. At Morganza until June. Moved to New York, thence to Washington, D.C., July 27-August 5. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to November. Near Kearneysville August 25. Leetown and Smithfield August 28. Smithfield Crossing, Opequan, August 29. Savior's Ford, Opequan, September 15. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 21. Milford September 22. Mt. Jackson September 23-24. Port Republic September 26-27. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley and in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until August, 1865.

Battery "M" 1st Artillery

Stationed at Fort Brown, Texas, until March, 1861. At Fort Jefferson, Fla., March 24, 1861, to June 16, 1862. Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., June 16-20; thence to Beaufort, S.C., June 21. Attached to District of Beaufort, S.C., Dept. of the South, to September, 1862. United States Forces, Port Royal Island, S.C., 10th Corps, Dept. of the South, to November, 1863. United States Forces, Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to February, 1864. Artillery, District of Florida to April, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, to May, 1864. Artillery, 3rd Division, 10th Army Corps, to August, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 10th Army Corps, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 25th Army Corps, to May, 1865. Dept. of Texas to December, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty at Beaufort, S.C., until November, 1863. Expedition to Pocotaligo, S.C., October 21-23, 1862. Action at Frampton's Plantation, Pocotaligo, October 22. Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., November, 1863, and duty there until February, 1864. Expedition to Jacksonville, Fla., February 5-7, Occupation of Jacksonville February 7. Expedition from Jacksonville to Lake City, Fla., February 7-22. Battle of Olustee February 20. Duty in District of Florida until April. Moved to Gloucester Point, Va., April 26-May 5. Butler's operations on south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 5-28. Wier Bottom Church May 9. Proctor's Creek May 10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drury's Bluff May 14-16. Bermuda Front May 16-June 16. Green Plains May 20. Attack on Redoubt Dutton June 2. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Duty on the Bermuda front June 16 to August 28, 1864. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 29-30. Darbytown Road October 7. Duty at New York during presidential election of 1864 November 2-17. Return to Army of the James November 17-22. Duty in trenches before Richmond until March 27, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 27-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 28-April 2. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At City Point until June 7. Moved to Brazos Santiago, Texas, June 7-July 1. At Brownsville until December, Moved to New Orleans, thence to New York December 31, 1861, to January 15, 1866.

1st Regiment Artillery lost during service 6 Officers and 75 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 116 Enlisted men by disease. Total 175.

 

Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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