Union Regimental Histories

 

New Jersey

 

1st Regiment Infantry (3 months)

Organized at Trenton, N.J., and mustered in April 30, 1861. Left State for Annapolis, Md., May 3. Reported to General Butler May 5, thence moved to Washington, D.C., arriving May 6. Camp at Meridian Hill until May 23. Invasion of Virginia May 23-24. Occupation of Arlington Heights May 24. Duty on line of Alexandria & Loudon Railroad until July 16. Attached to 1st Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 17-21. Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21 (Reserve). Mustered out at Newark, N.J., July 31, 1861.

Regiment lost 1 by disease during service.

1st Regiment Infantry (3 years)

Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in May 21, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 28, 1861. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, to June, 1864.

SERVICE.--Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21 (Reserve). Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Little River Turnpike October 15, 1861 (Co. "A"). Advance on Manassas, Va., March 8-15, 1862. Advance from Alexandria to Bristoe Station April 7-11. Embarked for the Peninsula, Va., April 17. Siege of Yorktown April 19-May 4 (on transports). West Point May 7-8. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Gaines Mill June 27; Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. Duty at Harrison's Landing until August 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Manassas, Va., August 16-26. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2. Bull Run Bridge, Manassas, August 27. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Cover Pope's retreat to Centreville August 30-31. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Crampton's Pass, South Mountain, Md., September 14. Antietam September 16-17. Duty at Sharpsburg until October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. (Co. "K" transferred to 1st New Jersey Battery October 16, 1862.) Duty near Falmouth, Va., until April 27, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Fairfield, Pa., July 5. Williamsport July 6. At and near Funkstown July 10-13. Hagerstown July 11. In camp near Warrenton, Va., until September 15, and at Culpeper until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Duty at Brandy Station until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-19. Siege of Petersburg until July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and Northern Defenses of Washington July 11-12. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-23. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Strasburg August 14-15. Cedar Creek August 15. Winchester August 17. Charlestown August 21-22. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Petersburg December, 1864. Siege of Petersburg, Va., December, 1864, to April, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-27 and duty there until May 18. Moved to Richmond, thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Va., June 29, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 144 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 90 Enlisted men by disease. Total 244.

Note.--Non-Veterans left front June, 1864, and mustered out at Trenton, N.J., June 23, 1864. Veterans and Recruits were attached to other Regiments of the Brigade until December, 1864, when they were organized into 1st New Jersey Veteran Battalion.

 

2nd Regiment Infantry (3 months)

Organized at Trenton, N.J. Enrolled April 26 and mustered in May 1, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., May 3. Reported to General Butler at Annapolis, Md., May 5; thence moved to Washington, arriving there May 6. Attached to Runyon's New Jersey Brigade, Defenses of Washington, to June, 1861. 1st Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to July, 1861. Camp at Meridian Hill May 24. 24. Occupation of Arlington Heights, Va., May 24. Construction of Fort Runyon. Duty on line of Alexandria & Loudon Railroad until July 16. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21 (Reserve). Mustered out at Trenton, N.J., July 21, 1861, expiration of term.

2nd Regiment Infantry (3 years)

Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., May 27, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., June 28, 1861. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21 (Reserve). Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 8-15. Advance from Alexandria to Bristoe Station April 741. Embarked for the Virginia Peninsula April 17. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 19-May 4 (on transports). West Point May 7-8. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Gaines Mill June 27. Garnett's Farm June 27. Golding's Farm June 28. Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16, Movement to Fortress Monroe and Manassas, Va., June 16-26. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2. Action at Bull Run Bridge, Manassas, August 27. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Cover Pope's retreat to Centreville August 30-31. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of Crampton's Pass. South Mountain, Md., September 14. Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Duty at Sharpsburg, Md., until October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Duty at Falmouth until April 27, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks Ford May 4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va. Fairfield, Pa., July 5. At and near Funkstown, Md., July 10-13. Near Warrenton, Va., until September 15, and at Culpeper until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Non-Veterans relieved for muster out. Veterans and Recruits temporarily attached to 15th New Jersey Infantry under orders of May 29, 1864, until December 17, 1864, when reorganized as a Battalion. Non-Veterans mustered out at Newark, N.J., June 21, 1864. Battles about Cold Harbor June 1-12, 1864. Before Petersburg June 17-19. Siege of Petersburg until July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the Northern Defenses of Washington July 11-12. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap, Va., July 14-23. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Strasburg August 14-15. Cedar Creek August 15. Winchester August 17. Charlestown August 21-22. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Petersburg, Va. Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-27 and duty there until May 18. March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Va., July 11, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 89 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 67 Enlisted men by disease. Total 165.

3rd Regiment Infantry (3 months)

Regiment organized at Trenton, N.J., and mustered in April 27, 1861. Left State for Annapolis, Md., May 3, 1861. Reported to General Butler May 5, thence moved to Washington, D.C., arriving May 6. At Meridian Hill until May 24. Occupation of Arlington Heights May 24. Attached to Runyon's New Jersey Brigade, Defenses of Washington, to June, 1861. 1st Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to July, 1861.

SERVICE.--Duty on line of Alexandria & Loudon Railroad until July 16. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21 (Reserve). Mustered out July 31, 1861.

3rd Regiment Infantry (3 years)

Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in June 4, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 28, 1861. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Battle of Bull Run July 21 (Reserve). Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Munson's Hill or Little River Turnpike August 31, 1861 (Cos. "I" and "K"). Springfield Station October 2 (Detachment). Burke's Station December 4 (Detachment). Advance on Manassas, Va., March 8-15. Advance from Alexandria to Bristoe Station April 7-11. Embarked for the Peninsula, Va., April 17. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 19-May 5 (on transports). West Point May 7-8. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Gaines Mill June 27; Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Manassas, Va., August 16-26. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2. Bull Run Bridge August 27. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Cover Pope's retreat to Centreville August 30-31. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of Crampton's Gap, South Mountain, September 14. Antietam September 16-17. Duty at Sharpsburg until October 29, Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. At Falmouth until April 27, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks Ford May 4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Fairfield, Pa., July 5. At and near Funkstown, Md., July 10-13. Camp near Warrenton, Va., until September 15, and at Culpeper Court House until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Non-Veterans relieved for muster out. Veterans and Recruits temporarily attached to 15th New Jersey Infantry under order of May 29, 1864, until December 17, 1864, when reorganized as a Veteran Battalion at Burke's Station, near Petersburg, Va. Non-Veterans mustered out at Trenton, N.J., June 23, 1864. Battles about Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-19. Siege of Petersburg until July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D, C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and Northern Defenses of Washington July 11-12. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap, Va., July 14-23. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Strasburg August 14-15. Cedar Creek August 15. Winchester August 17. Charlestown August 21-22. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December. Siege of Petersburg, Va., December, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-27 and duty there until May 18. March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Va., June 29, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 148 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 80 Enlisted men by disease. Total 238.

4th Regiment Infantry (3 months)

Organized at Trenton, N.J., and mustered in April 27, 1861. Left State for Annapolis, Md., May 3. Reported to General Butler May 5, then moved to Washington, D.C., arriving there May 6. Attached to Runyon's New Jersey Brigade, Defenses of Washington, to June, 1861. 1st Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to July, 1861.

SERVICE.--At Meridian Hill until May 24. Occupation of Arlington Heights, Va., May 24. Construction of Fort Runyon. Duty on line of Alexandria & Loudon Railroad until July 16. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21 (Reserve). Mustered out July 31, 1861. Expiration of term.

 

4th Regiment Infantry (3 years)

Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in August 19, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., August 20, 1861. Attached to Kearney's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 8-15, 1862. Advance from Alexandria to Bristoe Station April 7-11. Embarked for the Virginia Peninsula April 17. Siege of Yorktown April 19-May 5 (on transports). West Point May 7-8. Reconnaissance to East Branch Chickahominy June 7 (Cos. "D," "F" and "I"). Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Gaines Mill June 27; Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Manassas, Va., August 16-26. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2. Bull Run Bridge, Manassas, August 27. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Cover Pope's retreat to Centreville August 30-31. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of Crampton's Pass, South Mountain, September 14; Antietam September 16-17. At Sharpsburg, Md., until October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. At Falmouth until April 27, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks Ford May 4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Guarding ammunition train July. In camp near Warrenton, Va., until September 15, and at Culpeper Court House until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station to May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-18. Siege of Petersburg until July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., June 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the Northern Defenses of Washington July 11-12. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-23. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Strasburg August 14-15. Cedar Creek August 15. Winchester August 17. Charlestown August 21-22. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19, Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Petersburg, Va. Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-27 and duty there until May 18. Moved to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Va., July 9, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 156 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 103 Enlisted men by disease. Total 266.

5th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in August 22, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., August 29, 1861. Attached to Casey's Provisional Division, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to November, 1864.

SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until March, 1862. Expedition to Lower Maryland November 3-11, 1861. At Meridian Hill until December, and near Budd's Ferry, Md., until April, 1862. Seizure of Cockpit Point March 10. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula April 5-8. Siege of Yorktown April 10-May 5. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines May 31-June 1. Duty near Seven Pines until June 25. Seven days before Richmond June 25-JuIy 1. Action at Oak Grove, near Seven Pines, June 25. Savage Station June 29. Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 15. Movement to Centreville August 15-26. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2. Action at Bristoe Station or Kettle Run August 27. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, near Alexandria, until November 1. Movement to Falmouth, Va., November 1-28. Duty at Falmouth November 28-December 11. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. At Falmouth until April 27, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24. Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church February 5-7. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap July 5-24. Wapping Heights, Manassas Gap, Va., July 23. Duty near Warrenton until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. McLean's Ford October 15. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Duty near Brandy Station until May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 5-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Ox Ford May 23-24. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16 to November 6, 1864. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. In trenches before Petersburg until July 12. In Reserve Camp July 12-26. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Non-Veterans mustered out at Trenton, N.J., September 7, 1864. Ream's Station August 25. Fort Sedgwick September 10. Duty in trenches before Petersburg in lines from Fort Morton to Fort Alexander Hays September 10 to October 1. Poplar Springs Church October 1. Yellow House October 2-5. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Morton November 5. Consolidated with 7th New Jersey Infantry November 6, 1864.

Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 126 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 85 Enlisted men by disease. Total 223.

 

Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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