Union Regimental Histories
Organized at Trenton, N. J, under authority of the War Department August 14, 1861, as Halsted's Cavalry. Left State for Washington, D.C.; four Companies August 24 and six Companies August 31, 1861. Attached to Heintzelman's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Wadsworth's Command, Military District of Washington, to May, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division. Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to May, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Dept. of Washington, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until May, 1862. Reconnaissance to Pohick Church, Va.. December 18, 1861 (1 Co.). Lee's House. Occoquan Bridge, January 29, 1862 (Detachment). Transferred to State of New Jersey and designated 1st Cavalry February 19, 1862. Rappahannock River May 13. Staunton and Strasburg Road June 1-2. Woodstock June 2. Harrisonburg June 6. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Reconnaissance to James City July 22-24. Operations about Orange Court House July 29. Barnett's Ford August 1. Slaughter House August 8. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Rappahannock Station August 19. Brandy Station, Stevensburg and Raccoon Ford August 20. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Warrenton August 26. Faquier White Sulphur Springs August 27. Thoroughfare Gap August 28. Bull Run August 30. Germantown and Centreville August 31. Chantilly August 31. In Defenses of Washington September. Reconnaissance from Upton's Hill to Leesburg September 16-18 (2 Cos.). Expedition from Centreville to Warrenton September 29 (Detachment). Expedition to Thoroughfare Gap October 17-18. Near Upperville October 29 (Detachment). Aldie and Mountsville October 31. Salem, New Baltimore and Thoroughfare Gap November 4. Rappahannock Station November 7, 8 and 9. Snicker's Ferry, Berryville, November 30. Near Dumfries December 11, Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15, Near Chantilly December 29. Near Fairfax Court House and Middleburg January 26. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 19. Upperville June 21. Dover June 22. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Emmettsburg, Md., July 4. Old Antietam Forge, near Leitersburg, July 10. Reconnaissance to Ashby's Gap July 11-14. Ashby's Gap July 12. Near Harper's Ferry July 14. Shephardstown July 14-16. Scout to Goose Creek July 25-27. Rixeyville Ford August 5. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Bristoe Campaign October 8-22. Skirmishes at James City October 8-10. Near Warrenton October 11. Warrenton or White Sulphur Springs October 12-13. Brentsville October 14. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Near Warrenton November 11. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. New Hope Church November 27. Parker's Store November 29. Reconnaissance from Bealeton and Front Royal January 1-4, 1864. Scout from Warrenton to Piedmont February 17-18. Near Piedmont February 18 (Detachment). Custer's Raid into Albemarle County February 28-March 1. Near Charlottesville February 29. Stannardsville March 1. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness May 6-7. Todd's Tavern May 7-8. Corbin's Bridge May 8. Sheridan's Raid May 9-24. Davenport and Childsburg May 9. North Anna River May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Ashland May 11. Brooks' Church or fortifications of Richmond May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Hawes' Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Sumner's Upper Bridge, Sheridan's Trevillian Raid, June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Newark or Mallory's Cross Roads June 12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station June 21. White House of St. Peter's Church June 21. St. Mary's Church June 24. Near Petersburg June 29-July 12. Lee's Mills, Warwick Swamp, July 12. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Ream's Station August 8. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains August 14-18, Gravel Hill August 14. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Dinwiddie Road, near Ream's Station, August 23. Ream's Station August 25. Old members mustered out at Trenton, N. J., September 16, 1864. Belcher's Mills September 17. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Arthur's Swamp September 30-October 1. Vaughan Road October 1. Boydton Plank Road or Hatcher's Run October 27-28. Reconnaissance to Stony Creek November 7. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Bellefield Station December 9-10. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Payne's Cross Roads and Amelia Springs April 5. Sailor's Creek April 6. Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition from Burkesville to Danville and South Boston April 23-27. Moved to Washington, D.C., May 2-12. Grand Review May 23. Company "F" mustered out at Washington May 25, 1865. Mustered out at Cloud's Hills, Va., July 24, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 116 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 185 Enlisted men by disease. Total 317.
Organized at Camp Parker, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in August 15, 1863. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 5, 1863. Attached to Stoneman's Cavalry Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to December, 1863. District of Columbus, Ky., 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1863. Waring's Cavalry Brigade, 16th Army Corps, to January, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, District of West Tennessee, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 6th Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Military Division West Mississippi, to April, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to May, 1865. Dept. of Mississippi to November, 1865.
SERVICE.--In camp near Alexandria, Va., until November 9, 1863. Scout to Annandale October 18 (Cos. "B," "C," "G" and "L"). Moved to Eastport, Miss., November 9-28; thence to Columbus, Ky., December 6. To Union City, Tenn., December 15. Garrison and scout duty at Paris, Tenn., December 23, 1863, to January 16, 1864. Moved to Union City January 16-20. Expedition from Union City to Trenton January 22-27. March from Union City to Memphis and Colliersville, Tenn., January 28-February 8. Smith's Expedition to Okolona, Miss., February 11-26. Aberdeen, Miss., February 19. Prairie Station February 20. West Point February 20-21. Okolona February 21-22. Ivy's Farm February 22. Tallahatchie River February 23. Operations against Forest in West Tennessee and Kentucky March 16-April 14. Near Memphis April 5. Raleigh April 10. Sturgis' Expedition to Ripley, Miss., April 30-May 9. Bolivar, Tenn., May 2. Holly Springs May 23. Sturgis' Expedition to Guntown June 1-13. Brice's Cross Roads or Tishamingo Creek, near Guntown, June 10. Ripley June 11. Duty on Memphis & Charleston Railroad between Moscow and LaGrange June 25-July 5. Expedition from Memphis to Grand Gulf, Miss., July 4-24 (Detachment). Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., July 5-6. Port Gibson July 14. Grand Gulf July 15-16. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Hurricane Creek and Oxford August 9. Tallahatchie River August 14. Waterford August 19. Duty at Memphis, Tenn., August 31, 1864, to December 20, 1864. Hernando October 15. Yazoo City December 2. Chickasawba Bridge December 10. Grierson's Raid to destroy Mobile & Ohio Railroad December 20, 1864, to January 15, 1865. Verona December 25. Egypt Station December 28. Moved to Natchez, Miss., January 19, and duty there until March 4. Moved to New Orleans, La., and camp at Carrollton until April 5. Moved to Mobile, Ala., April 5. Spanish Fort April 8. Fort Blakely April. Expedition from Blakely, Ala., to Georgetown, Ga., April 17-30. Moved to Columbus, Miss., and duty there until June 7. Moved to Vicksburg June 7. Duty there and at Natchez, Port Gibson and Brookhaven until November. Mustered out at Vicksburg, Miss., November 1, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 48 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 190 Enlisted men by disease. Total 241.
Organized at Camp Bayard, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in by Companies as follows: Company "A" January 26, Company "C" January 22, Company "E" January 4, Company "F" January 12, Companies "G" and "H" January 6, 1864; Company "D" December 2, 1863; Company "B" January 29, and Companies "I," "K," "L" and "M" March 24, 1864. March to Annapolis, Md., April 5-7, 1864. Guard Orange & Alexandria Railroad April 29-May 5. Attached to Cavalry, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac and Middle Military Division, to June, 1865. Defenses of Washington, D.C., to August, 1865.
SERVICE.--Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 12, 1864. Wilderness May 5-7. Near Germanin Ford May 5. Picket on the Rapidan May 6. Guard pontoons May 7. Expedition to Fredericksburg May 8-9. Spotsylvania May 9-12. Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. United States Ford May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Mechump's Creek May 31. Ashland Station June 1. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Totopotomoy, Gaines' Mill, Salem Church and Hawes' Shop June 2. Hawes' Shop June 3. Bethesda Church June 11. White Oak Swamp June 13. Smith's Store, near St. Mary's Church, June 15. Weldon Railroad June 20. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Milford Station June 27. Picket duty at City Point until July 16. Duty at Light House Point July 16-25. Before Petersburg July 25. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Cos. "A" and "E"). Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Winchester August 17. Summit Point August 21. Middleway August 21. Near Kearneysville August 25. Abraham's Creek, near Winchester, September 13. Battle of Winchester September 19. Near Cedarville September 20. Front Royal September 21. Milford September 22. Waynesboro September 29. Bridgewater October 2. Tom's Brook ("Woodstock Races") October 8-9. Picket at Cedar Creek until October 13. Cedar Creek October 13. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Newtown (or Middletown) November 12. Rude's Hill, near Mr. Jackson, November 22. Expedition from Kernstown to Lacey's Springs December 19-22. Lacey's Springs December 21. Sheridan's Raid from Winchester February 27-March 24, 1865. Occupation of Staunton March 2. Action at Waynesboro March 2. Occupation of Charlottesville March 3. Near Ashland March 15. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Namozine Church April 3. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville and South Boston April 23-27. March to Washington. D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out at Washington, D, C., August l, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 47 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 105 Enlisted men by disease. Total 157.
Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)