Union Regimental Histories


New Hampshire


1st Regiment Cavalry

First organized at Concord, N.H., as a Battalion of four Companies October 24 to December 21, 1861, and attached to 1st New England Cavalry, afterward designated 1st Rhode Island Cavalry, as Companies "I," "K," "L," "M." Moved from Concord, N.H., to Pawtucket, R. I., December 22, 1861, and join Regiment. (For history to January, 1864, see 1st Rhode Island Cavalry.) Battalion detached from 1st Rhode Island Cavalry January 7, 1864, to form 1st New Hampshire Volunteer Cavalry. Moved to New Hampshire and on Veteran furlough and organizing Regiment, February to April, 1864. 7 Companies organized and ordered to Washington, D.C., April 23, 1864. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to February, 1865. Cavalry, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--At Camp Stoneman, D.C., until May 17, 1864. Moved to Belle Plains, Va. Guard Aquia Creek and Fredericksburg S. R., and at Belle Plains until June 6, then moved to White House. (A part of Regiment at Hanover Court House and Cold Harbor June 1-12.) Long Bridge June 12. Riddle's Shop and White Oak Swamp June 13. Smith's Store June 15. Wilson's Raid on Southside & Danville Railroad June 22-30. Ream's Station June 22. Nottaway Court House and Black and White Station June 23. Staunton Bridge (or Roanoke Station) June 25. Sappony Church (or Stony Creek) June 28-29. Ream's Station June 29. On picket duty at Light House Point and City Point June 30-August 8. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Winchester August 17. Summit Station August 20-21. Berryville August 21. Kearneysville August 25. Darkesville September 3. Near Brucetown and Winchester September 7. Abram's Creek September 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Near Cedarville September 20. Front Royal September 21. Fisher's Hill September 22. Milford September 22. Waynesboro September 29 and October 2. Mt. Crawford October 2. Near Columbia Furnace October 7. Tom's Brook ("Woodstock Races") October 8-9. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Near Kernstown November 10. Newtown and Cedar Creek November 12. Rude's Hill, near Mr. Jackson, November 22. Expedition from Kernstown to Lacy Springs December 19-22. Lacy Springs December 20-21. Duty at Winchester until February, 1865. Sheridan's Raid into Virginia February 27-March 3. Waynesboro March 2. Regiment led charge on enemy's works, capturing with the sabre 1,500 prisoners, all their Artillery and the flag of every Regiment engaged. Detached from Division, to guard prisoners back to Winchester, Mt. Jackson March 4. Mt. Sidney March 5. Lacy Springs March 5. New Market March 6. Duty at and in the vicinity of Winchester, and in the Dept. of the Shenandoah, also at Poolesville, Md., July, 1865. Five Companies complete organization July, 1864, and ordered to Washington. D.C. Guard and patrol duty and operations against Mosby's guerrillas in the Defenses of Washington March, 1865. Joined Regiment in the Shenandoah Valley.

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 28 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 112 Enlisted men by disease. Total 147.

2nd Regiment Cavalry

Organized as 8th New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry December 23, 1861. (For history to December, 1863, see 8th New Hampshire Infantry.) Designation changed to 2nd Cavalry December, 1863. Attached to 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. Defenses of New Orleans, Dept. of the Gulf, to September, 1864. District of Natchez, Dept. of Mississippi, to January, 1865. District of Vidalia, Dept. of Mississippi, to March, 1865. Post of Natchez, Dept. of Mississippi, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty at Franklin, La., January, 1864. Reenlisted January 4, 1864. Ordered to New Orleans, La., and duty there March. Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Advance from Franklin to Alexandria March 14-26. Action at Natchitoches March 31. Crump's Hill April 2. Wilson's Farm April 7. Bayou de Paul Carroll's Mill April 8. Battle of Pleasant Hill April 9. Natchitoches April 19 and 22. Monett's Bluff and Cane River Crossing April 23, Retreat to Alexandria April 24-30. Alexandria May 1-8. Retreat to Morganza May 10-20. Mansura May 16. Near Moreauville May 17. Yellow Bayou May 18. Expedition from Morganza to the Atchafalaya May 30-June 6. Ordered to New Orleans, La., July 11. Veterans absent on furlough July 11 to August 31. Non-Veterans on duty at Camp Parapet. Regiment ordered to Natchez, Miss., September, and duty there January 9, 1865. Operating against guerrillas, picket and garrison duty. Non-Veterans ordered home December 23, 1864, and mustered out January 18, 1865. Veterans consolidated to a Battalion of 3 Companies and ordered to Vidalia. Garrison, guard and patrol duty there March 6, 1865. Provost duty at Natchez October. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., and there mustered out October 29, 1865. Moved to Concord, N.H., October 29-November 6, and discharged November 9, 1865.

For losses see 8th New Hampshire Infantry.



Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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