Union Regimental Histories

 

Maryland

 

4th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Baltimore, Md., July and August, 1862. Left Baltimore for the Antietam, Md., September 18, 1862. Attached to Kenly's Maryland Brigade, Defenses of the Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Maryland Brigade, French's Division, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1865.

SERVICE.--Defense of Williamsport, Md., September 20-21, 1862. Duty between Williamsport and Hagerstown until December 11. Moved to Maryland Heights December 11-12 and duty there until April 9, 1863. At Bolivar Heights to April 30. Moved to Grafton and Clarksburg, W. Va., April 30-May 1 to repel invasion. Operations against Jones and Imboden May 1-26. Reported at Maryland Heights May 26 and duty there until June 30. Retreat to Frederick, Md., June 30, and guard bridges on the Monocacy until July 6. Reoccupation of Maryland Heights July 7. Joined 1st Army Corps near Boonsborough, Md., July 10. Pursuit of Lee to Warrenton, Va.. July 12-24. At Warrenton Junction July 25-27, and near Rappahannock Station August 4 to September 16. Advance to the Rapidan September 16-18. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Haymarket October 19. Guard Orange & Alexandria Railroad October 24-November 23. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Duty near Culpeper until May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harris Farm or Fredericksburg Road May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-24, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-October 2. Yellow House October 2-5. Peeble's Farm October 7-8. Davis House October 8. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Boydton Plank Road and White Oak Road March 29-31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D.C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out May 31, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 32 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 72 Enlisted men by disease. Total 108.

4th Regiment Potomac Home Brigade Infantry

Organization not completed. 3 Companies organized and on duty guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad between Martinsburg and Harper's Ferry, W. Va., until August, 1862. Consolidated with 3rd Regiment, Potomac Home Brigade Infantry, August 11, 1862.

5th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Baltimore, Md., September, 1861. Attached to Dix's Division, Baltimore, Md., to March, 1862. Fort Monroe, Va., to July, 1862. Weber's Brigade, Division at Suffolk, Va., 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1862. Point of Rocks Defenses, Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Defenses of Baltimore, Md., 8th Army Corps, to January, 1864. District of Delaware, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, to August, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 24th Army Corps, to July, 1865. 2nd Independent Brigade, 24th Army Corps, to September, 1865.

SERVICE.--Camp at LaFayette Square, Baltimore, Md., until March, 1862. Ordered to Fortress Monroe, Va., March 11, 1862. Duty there and at Suffolk, Va., to September, 1862. Moved to Washington, D. C., thence to Antietam, Md., September 8-16. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry September 22 and duty there until January, 1863. Reconnaissance to Charleston October 16-17. At Point of Rocks and Maryland Heights protecting Baltimore & Ohio Railroad until June, 1863. Moved to Winchester, Va., June 2. Battle of Winchester June 13-15; mostly captured; those not captured at Bloody Run, Pa., and Loudon, Pa., until July. Duty in the Defenses of Baltimore, Middle Department, until January, 1864, and in the District of Delaware, Middle Department, until June, 1864. Ordered to Join Army of the Potomac in the field June 4, 1864. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond, Va., June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864 (Reserve). Duty in trenches before Petersburg until September 27. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Duty in trenches before Richmond until April, 1865. Occupation of Richmond April 3. Pursuit of Lee to Appomattox Court House April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty in the Dept. of Virginia until September. Mustered out September 1, 1865, at Fredericksburg, Va.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 63 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 6 Officers and 91 Enlisted men by disease. Total 161.

6th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Baltimore, Md., August 12 to September 3, 1862. Moved to join Army of the Potomac in Western Maryland September 20, 1862. Attached to Kenly's Brigade, Defenses Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, June, 1863. Elliott's Command, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Defense of Williamsport, Md., September 20-21, 1862. Duty between Williamsport and Hagerstown, Md., until December 11. Moved to Maryland Heights December 11-12 and duty there until March 28, 1863. Moved to Berryville March 28. Action at Kelly's Ford June 10. Berryville June 13. Opequan Creek June 13. Retreat to Winchester June 13. Battle of Winchester June 14-15. Retreat to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., June 15-16; thence to Washington, D. C, July 1-4. Join Army of the Potomac July 5. Pursuit of Lee Go Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24, Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until August 15. Detached for duty in New York during draft disturbances until September 5. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Culpeper Court House October 11. Bristoe Station October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Brandy Station November 8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania May 8-12. Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 18-July 6. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Ream's Station June 29. Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 6-8. Battle of the Monocacy July 9. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-24. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Charleston August 29. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown until December. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Petersburg, Va., December 3-6. Siege of Petersburg December 6, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville, Va., April 23-27, and duty there until May 18. March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3. Corps Review June 8. Mustered out June 20, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 120 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 107 Enlisted men by disease. Total 236.

 

7th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Baltimore, Md., August and September, 1862. Moved to the Antietam September 18, 1862. Attached to Kenly's Maryland Brigade, Defenses Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Maryland Brigade, French's Division, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1865.

SERVICE.--Defense of Williamsport, Md., September 20-21, 1862. Duty between Williamsport and Hagerstown until December 11. Moved to Maryland Heights December 11-12, and duty there until April 9, 1863. At Bolivar Heights until April 30. Moved to Grafton and Clarksburg, W. Va., to repel invasion. Operations against Jones and Imboden May 1-26. Return to Maryland Heights May 26, and duty there until June 30. Retreat to Frederick, Md., June 30. Guard bridges over Monocacy until July 6. Reoccupation of Maryland Heights July 7. Joined 1st Array Corps, Army of the Potomac, near Boonsborough, Md., July 10. Pursuit of Lee to Warrenton. Va., July 12-24. Funkstown July 12-13. At Warrenton Junction July 25-27. Near Rappahannock Station August 4 to September 16. Advance to the Rapidan September 16-18. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Haymarket October 19. Guard Orange and Alexandria Railroad October 24 to November 23. Mine Run Campaign November 26December 2. Near Culpeper until May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spotsylvania May 8-12. Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Harris Farm, or Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26, Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 1618. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Reserve, Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-October 2. Yellow House October 2-5. Peeble's Farm October 7-8. Davis House October 8. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon R. R. December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865, Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run, March 29. Boydton and White Oak Roads March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D.C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out May 31, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 78 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 109 Enlisted men by disease. Total 189.

8th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Baltimore, Md., August, 1862. Moved from Baltimore to the Antietam, Md., September 18, 1862. Attached to Kenly's Maryland Brigade, Defenses Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Maryland Brigade, French's Command, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1865.

SERVICE.--Defense of Williamsport, Md., September 20-21, 1862. Duty between Williamsport and Hagerstown, Md., until December 11. Moved to Maryland Heights December 11-12, and duty there until April 9, 1863. At Bolivar Heights until April 30. Moved to Grafton and Clarksburg, W. Va., to repel Invasion. Operations against Jones and Imboden May 1-26. Return to Maryland Heights May 26, and duty there until June 30. Retreat to Frederick, Md., June 30, and guard bridges over the Monocacy until July 6. Reoccupation of Maryland Heights July 7. Joined 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, near Boonsborough, Md., July 10. Pursuit of Lee to Warrenton, Va., July !2-24. At Warrenton Junction, Va., July 25-27. Near Rappahannock Station August 4-September 16. Advance to the Rapidan September 16-18. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Haymarket October 19. Guard Orange & Alexandria Railroad October 24-November 23. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Near Culpeper until May, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spotsylvania May 8-12. Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient ("Bloody Angle") May 12. Harris Farm, or Fredericksburg Road, May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Ford May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Grove Church September 29-October 2. Yellow House October 2-5. Peeble's Farm October 7-8. Davis House October 8. Boydton Plank Read, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Lewis Farm near Gravelly Run, March 29. White Oak Road March 31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D.C., May 1-12. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out May 31, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 54 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 70 Enlisted men by disease. Total 127.

9th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Baltimore, Md., June and July, 1863, for six months. Moved from Baltimore to Western Maryland July 6, 1863. Attached to 1st Brigade, Maryland Heights, Division of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, to February, 1864.

Occupation of Maryland Heights July 7, 1863. At Loudon Heights until August. Guard duty on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Company "B" at Duffield Station, Company "C" at Brown's Crossing, Companies "A" and "B" provost duty at Harper's Ferry, Companies "D," "E," "F," "G," "H" and "I" at Charleston, W. Va., until October 18. Attacked by Imboden and captured. Companies "A," "B" and "C" on duty in West Virginia until February, 1864. Moved to Baltimore, Md., and mustered out February 24, 1864.

t during service 2 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 124 Enlisted men by disease, Total 126.

10th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Baltimore, Md., June and July, 1863, for six months. Ordered to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., July 16, and guard lines of the Upper Potomac until January, 1864. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Maryland Heights Division of West Virginia, July, 1863. 1st Brigade, Maryland Heights Division of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, to January, 1864. Mustered out January 29, 1864.
Regiment lost 22 by disease during service.

11th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Baltimore, Md., for 100 days, June 16, 1864. Moved to Monocacy Junction July 1, 1864. Attached to 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to July, 1864. 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to October, 1864.

SERVICE.--Guard duty at Monocacy and Mt. Airy, Md., until October 1, 1864. Battle of Monocacy July 9. Mustered out October 1, 1864. Regiment reorganized for 1 year December, 1864. 3 Companies ("A," "B" and "C") were consolidated with 1st Eastern Shore Regiment January, 1865. Company "C" on detached service at Relay House, Baltimore, & Ohio Railroad. Company "I" at Baltimore. Rest of Regiment at Fort Delaware. Mustered out June 15, 1865.

Regiment lost 29 by disease during service.

12th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Baltimore, Md., for 100 days, July 30, 1864. Attached to 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps; to September, 1864. Reserve Division West Virginia to November, 1864.

On guard duty along Baltimore & Ohio Railroad between Baltimore, Md., and Kearneysville, Va., until November, 1864. Mustered out November 14, 1864.

Lost 2 by disease during service.

 

13th Regiment Infantry

Organized from Veterans 1st Potomac Home Brigade Infantry March 1, 1865, Designated 13th Regiment Infantry April 8, 1865. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia. Assigned to duty at Martinsburg, W. Va., and on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Martinsburg to Harper's Ferry. Mustered out May 29, 1865.

Purnell Legion Infantry

Organized at Pikesville, Md., near Baltimore, under special authority of the Secretary of War, October 31 to December 31, 1Attached to Dix's Division, Baltimore, Md., to March, 1862. Lockwood's Brigade, Middle Department, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Sigel's Division, Department of the Shenandoah, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to August, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division. 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Frederick, Md., 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to February, 1863. 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, to October, 1864.

SERVICE.--Expedition through Accomac and Northampton Counties, Va., November 14-22, 1861. Duty at Baltimore and with Lockwood on Eastern Shore, Va., until May 25, 1862. Ordered to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., May 25. Defense of Harper's Ferry May 28-30. Operations in Shenandoah Valley, Va., until August. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Catlett's Station August 22. Plains of Manassas August 27-29 (Reserve). Battle of Bull Run August 30 (Reserve). Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain September 14 (Reserve). Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Bolivar Heights September 22, and duty there until December 10. Reconnaissance to Rippen, W. Va., November 9. Detached and assigned to duty at Frederick, Md., and in the Middle Department until May 26, 1864. Joined Army of the Potomac in the field May 26. Rapidan Campaign May 30-June 15. Shady Grove May 30. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16 to October 24, 1864. Jerusalem Plank Road June 21-23. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Yellow House October 2-5. Peeble's Farm October 7-8. Mustered out October 24, 1864. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 1st Maryland Infantry.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 42 Enlisted mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 73 Enlisted men by disease. Total 117.

Baltimore (Dix) Light Guard Infantry

Organized at Baltimore November and December, 1861. Attached to Dix's Command and duty at Baltimore, Md., until May, 1862. Transferred to 3rd Maryland Infantry May 24, 1862.

Patapsco Guard

Click here for the image of Private Peter Edler of the Patapsco Guard

Organized at Ellicott's Mills, M&, September 25, 1861. Attached to Dix's Command, Baltimore, Md, to March, 1862. Railroad Brigade, Middle Department, to July, 1862. Railroad Bridge, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to September, 1862. Unassigned, 8th Army Corps, to January, 1863. 2nd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. York, Pa., Dept. of the Susquehanna, to December, 1863. Dept. of the Susquehanna to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Guard duty on the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad until September, 1862. Duty at York, Pa., until June, 1863. Moved to Shippensburg, Pa., June 17; thence to Columbia. Defense of bridge at Wrightsville June 29. At Harrisburg, Pa., until August. At York, Pa., until December, 1863. At Harrisburg and Carlisle, Pa., until July, 1864. At Chambersburg, Pottsville and Phillipsburg, Pa., until March, 1865. Action at Chambersburg July 29-30, 1864. In Juniata District until August, 1865. Mustered out August 17, 1865.

 

Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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