Union Regimental Histories

 

Maryland

 

1st Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Baltimore and Williamsport, Md., Pittsburgh, Pa., and Washington, D.C., August, 1861, to June, 1862. Companies "A," "B," "C," "D," "E" and "F" organized at Baltimore, Md. Company "G" organized at Pittsburgh, Pa., as Patterson's Union Cavalry April 5, 1861. Companies "H" and "I" organized in Washington and Allegheny Counties, Pa. Company "K" organized at Allegheny City, Pa., as Morehead's Cavalry Company August 19, 1861. Companies "L" and "M" organized at Washington, D.C., May, 1862. Companies "G." "H," "I" and "K" were attached to 1st Virginia Union Cavalry August, 1861, to January, 1862, when assigned to 1st Maryland Cavalry. Regiment attached to Dix's Command, Baltimore, Md., to March, 1862 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D," "E" and "F"). Department of West Virginia to March, 1862 (Cos. "G," "H," "I," "K"). (Co. "K" ordered to Washington, D.C., August 19, 1861. Attached to Landers' Command, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Duty at Williamsport, Hancock and Cumberland, Md.) Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to June, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. Defenses Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to October, 1863. Provost Marshal General's Command, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1864. 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to October, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1865. Cavalry, Dept. of Virginia, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Skirmishes at Edward's Ferry September 3-4, 1861 (Co. "K"). Action at Greenbrier, W. Va., October 3, 1861 (Co. "G"). Ball's Bluff, Va., October 21, 1861 (Detachment). Stone's Cross Roads, Ball's Bluff, Bath and Alpine Station, January 4, 1862 (Cos. "G," "H" and "I"). Hancock January 5-6 (Co. "K"). Bloomery Gap January 7 and February 14 (Co. "I"). Regiment at Baltimore, Md., until March, 1862. Operations in Shenandoah Valley March to June. Advance on Winchester March 7-15. Pursuit of Jackson up the Valley. Retreat to Williamsport, Md., May 24-26. Middletown May 24 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "G" and "I"). (Cos. "D," "F," "H," "K" and "L" arrive at Harper's Ferry, W. Va., May 25? Winchester May 25 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "G" and "I"). Charlestown May 28. Defense of Harper's Ferry May 28-30 (Cos. "D," "F," "H," "K" and "L"). Near Harper's Ferry June 9. Expedition to Madison Court House, Culpeper and Orange Court Houses July 12-17. Near Culpeper July 12. Rapidan Station July 13. Madison Court House August 8. Battle of Cedar Creek August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Fauquier, White Sulphur Springs, August 23-24. Gainesville August 28. Groveton August 29. Bull Run August 30. Chantilly September 1. Evacuation of Winchester September 2 (Cos. "H," "I"). Frederick, Md., September 6. Boonsboro, Md., September 7. Near Boonsboro September 10. Maryland Heights and Harper's Ferry September 12-13 (Cos. "H," "I"). Cut way through enemy's lines September 14 (Cos. "H" and "I"). Culpeper September 14. Sharpsburg September 15. Capture of Longstreet's trains (Cos. "H," "I"). Rapidan Station September 16. Duty in the Defenses of the Upper Potomac covering Washington, D.C., until December. Manassas, Va., October 23-24. Affair opposite Williamsport October 29 (Detachment). Reconnaissance from Bolivar Heights to Rippen, W. Va.. November 9 (2 Cos.). Reconnaissance to Winchester December 2-6 (Detachment). Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Dumfries December 27. Duty in the defenses of the Upper Potomac until April, 1863; near Cumberland, Md., Grove Church, near Morrisville, January 26. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Stoneman's Raid April 27-May 8. South Anna Bridge, near Ashland, May 3. Brandy Station, or Fleetwood, and Beverly Ford, June 9. Aldie June 17. Frederick, Md., June 21 (Detachment). Upperville June 23. Middleburg June 25. Westminster June 30. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Emmettsburg July 4-6. Middletown July 5. Leitersburg July 7. Cavetown July 8. Hagerstown and Old Antietam Forge, near Leitersburg, July 10. Shepherdstown July 14 and 16. Beverly Ford September 6. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Rapidan Station September 13 and 15-16. Raccoon Ford September 15. White's Ford September 21. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Germania Ford and James City October 10. Near Warrenton October 11. White Sulphur Springs October 12-13. Bristoe Station October 14. Near Centreville and Brentsville October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Grove Church, near Morrisville, November 26. Parker's Store November 29. Duty In Middle Department until June, 1864. Princeton May 6. Jeffersonville May 8. Wier Bottom Church, on Bermuda Hundred Front, Va., June 16-17. Richmond and Petersburg R. R. June 19. Deep Bottom July 21. New Market Heights July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, north of the James, August 14-18. Flusser's Mills August 14. Deep Run August 16-18. Siege of Petersburg August 25-September 27. Battle of Chaffin's Farm September 28-30. New Market Heights October 7. Darbytown Road October 13. Fair Oaks October 27-28. Smithfield December 7. Duty before Richmond to March, 1865. Scout to Long and Bottom's Bridge January 30, 1865. Expedition to Fearnsville and Smithfield February 11-15. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Sutherland Station April 2. Burgess Mills April 3. Deep Creek April 4. Amelia Court House April 5. Sailor's Creek and Harper's Farm April 6. Farmville April 6-7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-29. Duty in the Department of Virginia until August. Mustered out August 8, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 65 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 130 Enlisted men by disease. Total 201.

 

1st Regiment Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry (Cole's)

Originally organized at Cole's (Co. "A"), Furey's (Co. "B"), Horner's (Co. "C") and Currie's (Co. "D"). Independent Cavalry Companies organized at Frederick, Md., August 10 to November 27, 1861. Served unattached, Dept. of West Virginia, to January, 1862. Lander's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862 (Cos. "A," "C" and "D"). Unattached, West Virginia, to August, 1862 (Co. "B"). Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Banks' 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to June, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to August, 1862, and participated in the following service: South Branch Bridge, W. Va., October 26, 1861 (Co. "B"); Hancock, Md., January 5-6, 1862 (Cos. "A," "C" and "D"); Bloomery Gap February 14. Advance on Winchester March 2-12. Martinsburg March 3. Bunker Hill March 5 (Co. "A"). Between Bunker Hill and Winchester March 7. Stephenson's Depot March 7-8. Winchester March 12. Kernstown March 22. Winchester March 23. Edenburg April I. Grass Lick, W. Va., April 23 (Co. "B"). Wardensville, W. Va., May 7 (Co. "B"). Charlestown May 28. Companies consolidated to a Battalion August 1, 1862, and designated Cole's Battalion, Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry. Attached to Railroad Brigade, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to September, 1862. Cavalry, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to November, 1862. Defenses of Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Maryland Heights Division West Virginia, to December, 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, to October, 1864. Reserve Division, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., to January, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division West Virginia, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division West Virginia, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Leesburg, Va., September 2, 1862. Edwards' Ferry, Md., September 4. Monocacy Creek September 4. Reconnaissance to Lovettsville September 4. Maryland Heights and siege of Harper's Ferry September 12-14. Cut through enemy's lines September 14. Capture of Longstreet's train at Sharpsburg September 15. Hyattstown, Md., October 12. Charleston November 14, Berryville December 1. Charlestown December 2. Winchester December 5. Halltown December 20. Near Charlestown May 16, 1863. Berryville June 13. Martinsburg June 14. Winchester June 15 (Co. "B"). Williamsport June 15. Catoctin Creek June 17. Frederick, Md., June 21. Sharpsburg July --. Fountain Dale, Pa., July !. Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Near Emmittsburg July 4. Falling Waters July 6. Harper's Ferry July 6. Smithfield August 23. Scouts Into Loudoun County August 25 and September 12-16 and September 21-26. Catoctin Mountain September 14. Loudoun Valley, Va., September 25. Loudoun Valley and Summit Point October 7. Charleston October 7 (Co. "B"). Snickersville, Leesburg, Rector's Cross Roads and Bloomfield September 14. Upperville September 25. Berryville October 18. Near Annandale October 22. Expedition from Charleston to New Market November 15-18. Mr. Jackson November 16. Ashby's Gap November--. Upperville December 10. Edenburg December 17. New Market December 18. Harrisonburg and Staunton December 21. Five points, Rectortown, January 1, 1864. Loudoun Heights January 10. Romney, Moorfield and Mechanicsville Gap February 4. Regiment reenlisted February 13, 1864. Upperville February 20. Veterans on furlough until April. Authority given to increase Battalion to a Regiment, and Companies "E," "F," "G," "H," "I," "K," "L" and "M" organized at Baltimore and Frederick February 9 to April 23, 1864. Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg, W. Va., to New Market April 30-May 16. New Market May 13-15. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Harrisonburg June 3. Piedmont June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Tye River June 12. Lexington June 13. Buckhannon June 14. Lynchburg June 17-18. Catawba Mountains and near Salem June 21. Leetown and Shepardstown July 3 (Detachment). Keedysville July 5. Frederick, Md., July 11-12. Maryland Heights, Brownsville, Crampton's Gap and Herndon July ---. Purcellsville July 16. Snicker's Ferry July 17-18. Ashby's Gap and Winchester July 19. Kernstown July 23-24. Winchester, Bunker Hill and Martinsburg July 25. Snicker's Gap July 25. Falling Waters July 26. Hagerstown July 29-30. Keedysville August 5. Winchester August 17. Opequan Creek August 18, 19 and 20. Near Berryville August 21. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Antietam August 22. Williamsport August 26. Summit Point August 30. White Post September 3. Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty In West Virginia operating against Moseby and guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad until June, 1865. Mustered out June 28, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 45 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 120 Enlisted men by disease. Total 169.

2nd Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Baltimore and Annapolis, Md., July 1 to August 12, 1863, for 6 months. Assigned to provost duty in Anne Arundel and Calvert counties and at Annapolis, Md., during entire term. Mustered out Companies "A" and "B" January 26, 1864; Companies "C" and "D" February 6, 1864; Company "E" January 31, 1864.

Lost 13 by disease during service.

3rd Regiment Cavalry "Bradford Dragoons"

Organized at Baltimore, Md., August 8, 1863, to January 9, 1864. Attached to Cavalry Reserve, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to January, 1864. Unattached, Defenses of New Orleans, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to March, 1864. District of LaFourche, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. District of Morganza, Dept. of the Gulf, to August, 1864. United States forces, Mobile Bay, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1865. District of Southern Alabama, Military Division of West Mississippi, to May, 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, West Mississippi, to June, 1865. Dept. of Mississippi to September, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Baltimore, Md., until January, 1864. Ordered to New Orleans, La., thence to Madisonville, La., and duty there until March, 1864. Expedition to Franklinton February 1-3. Flemming's Ford, Madisonville, February 11. Ordered to Brashear City March 14 and duty there until June. At Morganza until July. Expedition to the Atchafalaya May 30-June 5. Morgan's Ferry Road June 9. Ordered to New Orleans, La., July 1. Dismounted July 7. Sailed from Algiers for Mobile Bay, Ala., August 5. Siege operations against Fort Morgan August 9-23. Capture of Fort Morgan August 23. Post duty at Dauphin's Island and in District of Southern Alabama until March, 1865. Campaign against Mobile March and April. Garrison duty at Fort Gaines until April 30. Ordered to New Orleans, La., April 30, and duty there until June. Ordered to Natchez, Miss., June 20. Duty there and In the Dept. of Mississippi until September. Mustered out at Vicksburg, Miss., September 7, 1865.

Purnell Legion Cavalry

Companies "A" and "B" organized at Pikesville September to November, 1861. Company "C" organized at Baltimore, Md., September, 1862. Company "A" attached to Dix's Command, Baltimore, Md., Middle Department, to July, 1862. Lockwood's Brigade, District of the Eastern Shore, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to January, 1863. 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to December, 1863. 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1865.

SERVICE (Company "A") Duty on the eastern shore of Maryland and in St. Mary's County, Md., until July, 1865. Near Harper's Ferry, W. Va., July 14, 1863. Mustered out July 28, 1865. Company "B" attached to Dix's Command, Baltimore, Md., Middle Department, to July, 1862. Unattached, 8th Army Corps, Maryland and Delaware, to January, 1863. Annapolis, Md., to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1864.

SERVICE (Company "B") On special service in Maryland and Delaware and at Annapolis, Md., until May, 1864. Dismounted May 28 and joined Purnell Legion Infantry in Army of the Potomac June 7, 1864. Battles about Cold Harbor June 7-12. Before Petersburg June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16-October 26, 1864. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Chapel House October 2-5. Peeble's Farm October 7-8. Mustered out October 26, 1864. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 8th Maryland Infantry November 17, 1864.

Company "C" attached to Defenses of Baltimore, Md., 8th Corps, Middle Department, to January, 1863. 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. District of Delaware, Middle Department, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1864.

SERVICE.--At Camp Bradford until February 5, 1863. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va.; thence to Drummendsville, Va., and to Wilmington, Del., and duty there until May, 1864. Dismounted May 28 and Joined Purnell Legion Infantry in Army of the Potomac June 7, 1864. Battles about Cold Harbor June 7-12. Before Petersburg, Va., June 16-19. Siege of Petersburg June 16 to October 26, 1864. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve). Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Chapel House October 2-5. Peeble's Farm October 7-8. Mustered out October 26, 1864. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 8th Maryland Infantry November 17, 1864.

Legion lost while in service 7 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 24 Enlisted men by disease. Total 31.

Smith's Independent Company Cavalry

Organized at Snow Hill October 15, 1862. Attached to Lockwood's District of Eastern Shore, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to January, 1863. 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Unattached, Eastern Shore, 8th Army Corps, to April, 1864. 3rd Separate Brigade,. 8th Army Corps, to October, 1864. 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.---On special duty on eastern shore of Maryland; stationed at Snow Hill, Newton, Point Lookout, Eastville, Drummondtown, Salisbury, Relay House and Barnesville until June, 1865. Mustered out June 30, 1865.

 

 

Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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