Union Regimental Histories

 

Vermont

 

1st Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Burlington and mustered in November 19, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., December 14; thence moved to Annapolis, Md., December 25, and duty there until March, 1862. Attached to Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, December, 1861, to March, 1862. Hatch's Cavalry Brigade, Banks' 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to June, 1862. Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Price's Cavalry Brigade, Defenses of Washington, and 22nd Army Corps to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Stahel's Cavalry Division, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1864, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Moved to Washington, D. C., March 9-10, 1862; thence to Rockville, Md., and Edward's Ferry March 12-13. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., March 28; thence to Middletown April 1. Advance up the Valley April 16. Mt. Jackson April 17. McGaheysville April 27 (Cos. "A," "D" and "K"). Somerville Heights May 7 (Co. "B"). Operations in Shenandoah Valley May 15-June 17. Middletown May 24. Winchester May 25. Retreat to Williamsport May 25-26. Near Winchester June 18-19. Reconnaissance from Front Royal to Luray June 29-30. Luray Court House June 30. Culpeper Court House July 12. Gordonsville July 17. Orange Court House August 2 and 13. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Kelly's Ford August 21. Liberty Bridge September 1. Aquia Creek September 5. Conrad's Ferry September 15. Orange Court House September 21. Ashby's Gap September 22. Duty in the Defenses of Washington until March, 1863. Warrenton November 8, 1862. Annandale December 28. Fairfax Court House January 9. Dranesville February 6, 9, 13 and 14. Goose Creek February 16. Leesburg February 19. Aldie March 2. Herndon Station March 17. Broad Run, Dranesville, April 1. Warrenton May 11, 23 and 31. Near Greenwich May 30. Littleton and Hanover, Pa., June 30. Hunterstown July 2. Gettysburg, Pa., July 3. Monterey Gap July 4. Smithburg, Md., July 5. Hagerstown July 6. Boonsboro July 8. Hagerstown July 11-13. Falling Water July 14. King George Court House August 25. Lamb's Creek Church September 1. Expedition to Port Conway September 1-3. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Somerville Ford September 14. Reconnaissance across the Rapidan September 21-23. Richard's Ford September 26. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. James City October 10. Bethesda Church October 10. Brandy Station and near Culpeper October 11. Gainesville October 14 and 19. Groveton October 17-18. Catlett's Station and Buckland's Mills October 19. Falmouth November 4. Advance to the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Morton's Ford November 26. Raccoon Ford November 26-27. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond February 28-March 4. Fortifications of Richmond and near Atlee's March 1. Old Church March 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Near Chancellorsville May 4. Craig's Meeting House May 5. Wilderness May 5-7 (Co. "M"). Todd's Tavern May 5-6 and May 7-8. Alsop's Farm, Spotsylvania, May 8. Sheridan's Raid from Todd's Tavern to James River May 9-24. North Anna River May 9. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Brook Church or Richmond Fortifications May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Demonstration on Little River May 27. Salem Church May 27. On line of the Totopotomoy May 28-31. Ashland May 30. Mechump's Creek May 31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Ashland June 1. Gaines' Mill June 2. Totopotomoy June 2. Haw's Shop June 3. Sumner's Upper Bridge June 3. Salem Church June 4. White Oak Swamp June 12. Riddell's Shop June 13. Malvern Hill June 15. Wilson's Raid on South Side & Danville Railroad June 22-30. Ream's Station June 22. Near Nottaway Court House June 23. Black and White Station June 23. Staunton Bridge or Roanoke Station June 25. Sappony Church or Stony Creek June 28-29. Ream's Station June 29. Siege of Petersburg until August. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Winchester August 17. Kearneysville August 25. Near Brucetown and Winchester September 7. Battle of Opequan September 20. Near Cedarville September 20. Front Royal September 21. Milford September 22. Fisher's Hill September 22. Waynesboro September 29. Columbia Furnace and Back Road, near Strasburg, October 7. Tom's Brook, "Woodstock Races," October 8-9. Mount Olive October 9. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Near Kernstown November 10. Newtown and Cedar Creek November 12. Rude's Hill, near Mt. Jackson, November 22. Expedition to Lacy Springs December 19-22. Lacy Springs December 21. Sheridan's Raid February 27-March 25, 1865. Waynesboro March 2. Occupation of Staunton March 2. Occupation of Charlottesville March 3. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott's Corners April 2. Namozine Church April 3. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 24-29. March to Washington, D.C., May 10-15. Grand Review May 23. Frontier duty at Champlain, N.Y., June to August. Non-Veterans mustered out November 18. 1864. Regiment mustered out August 9, 1865. (Co. "L" was organized at St. Albans September 29, 1862, and Co. "M" at Burlington December 30, 1862.)

Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 124 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 200 Enlisted men by disease. Total 438.

1st Regiment Heavy Artillery

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in as 11th Vermont Infantry September 1, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 7, 1862. Designation of Regiment changed to 1st Heavy Artillery December 10, 1862. (Co. "L" organized July 11, 1863, and Co. "M" October 7, 1863.) Attached to 1st Brigade, Haskins' Division, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, Haskins' Division, 22nd Army Corps, Defenses of Washington, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865. Middle Department, 8th Corps, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., north of the Potomac September, 1862, to May, 1864. Company "A" at Fort Lincoln September 27 to November 17, 1862, then at Fort Totten until March, 1864, and at Fort Lincoln until May, 1864. Company "B" at Forts Massachusetts and Stevens until March, 1864, then at Fort Totten until May, 1864. Companies "C" and "D" at Fort Saratoga until November 17, 1862, then at Fort Massachusetts until March, 1864. Company "C" at Fort Stevens until May, 1864. Company "D" at Fort Saratoga until May, 1864. Company "E" at Fort Totten until November 17, 1862, then at Fort Slocum until May, 1864. Company "F" at Fort Bunker Hill until November 17, 1862, then at Fort Slocum until March, 1864, and at Fort Thayer until May, 1864. Company "G" at Fort Lincoln until November 17, 1862, then at Fort Slocum until May, 1864. Company "H" at Fort Slocum until March, 1864, then at Fort Bunker Hill until May, 1864. Company "I" at Fort Thayer until November 17, 1862, then at Fort Massachusetts until March, 1864, and at Fort Bunker Hill until May, 1864. Company "K" at Fort Totten until May, 1864. Company "L" at Fort Lincoln until May, 1864. Company "M" at Fort Bunker Hill until May, 1864. Ordered to Join army in the field May 12, 1864. Moved to Belle Plains, Va., and join 6th Army Corps at Spotsylvania Court House, Va., May 15. Spotsylvania Court House May 15-21. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens July 11-12. Snicker's Gap Expedition July 15-23. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan, September 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Strasburg until November 9, and at Kernstown until December 9. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 9-12. Siege of Petersburg December 13, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee. Duty at Burkesville until April 23. March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there until May 18. At Manchester May 19-24, and at Munson's Hill, Washington, until June 24. Corps Review June 8. Old members mustered out June 24, 1865. Veterans and Recruits consolidated to a Battalion of four Companies, and duty at Fort Foote, Md., Defenses of Washington, until August. Mustered out August 25, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 154 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 410 Enlisted men by disease. Total 576.

 

1st Company Heavy Artillery

Organized April, 1865, from surplus Recruits of 2nd Vermont Battery Light Artillery. Duty at Port Hudson, La., until July, 1865. Moved to Vermont July 7-20, and mustered out July 25, 1865.

1st Battery Light Artillery

Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in February 18, 1862. Left State for New York City March 6. Sailed on Steamer "Wallace" for Ship Island March 10, arriving April 5. Attached to Phelps' 1st Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1862, Artillery, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, to September, 1863. Artillery, District of LaFourche, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1864. Artillery, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Army of the Gulf, to July, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, to August, 1864.

SERVICE.--Duty at Ship Island until May 16, 1863. Moved to Camp Parapet, Defenses of New Orleans, La., May 16, and duty there until January 17, 1863. (Center Section at Fort Pike May 6 to June 4, 1862.) Duty at New Orleans until May 19, 1863. Expedition to Lake Pontchatrain April 18-21. Moved to Baton Rouge, La., May 19. Advance on Port Hudson, La., May 21-24. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. March to Baton Rouge July 11-12. Return to Port Hudson July 23, and duty there until September 1. Ordered to New Orleans, La., September 1. Sabine Pass, Texas Expedition, September 3-11. Moved to Brashear City, thence to Berwick City and to Fort Bisland September 16-23. Return to Brashear City September 28, and duty there until March 3, 1864. Moved to Franklin March 3. Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Advance from Franklin to Alexandria March 14-26. Battle of Sabine Cross Roads April 8. Pleasant Hill April 9. Monett's Bluff, Cane River Crossing, April 23. Alexandria April 30-May 10. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Mansura May 16. Yellow Bayou May 18. Duty at Morganza until July. Moved to Baton Rouge July 3. thence ordered home July 28. Mustered out August 10, 1864. Recruits transferred to 2nd Vermont Battery.

Battery lost during service 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 51 Enlisted men by disease. Total 54.

2nd Battery Light Artillery

Organized at Brandon and mustered in December 24, 1861. Moved to Lowell, Mass., December 24; thence to Boston February 4, 1862. Embark on Steamer "Idaho" for Ship Island, La., February 6, arriving there March 8. Attached to Phelps' 1st Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to December, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, Array of the Gulf, to August, 1863. Garrison Artillery, Port Hudson, La., to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Operations against New Orleans, La., April 11-May 2, 1862. Occupation of New Orleans May 2 (the first Union Battery to enter the city). Duty in New Orleans until May 31, and at Camp Parapet until October 31. Expedition to Pass Manchac July 25-August 2. Duty at New Orleans October 31 to December 26. Expedition to Galveston, Texas, December 26, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Action at Galveston January 1, 1863. Duty at New Orleans until March. Expedition to Port Hudson, La., March 7-20. At Baton Rouge until May. Advance on Port Hudson May 18-24. Action at Plain's Store May 21. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14 Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Jackson, La., August 3. Garrison and guard duty at Port Hudson until July, 1865. Expedition to Clinton July 28, 1864. Non-Veterans mustered out September 30, 1864. Battery moved to Vermont July 7-20, 1865, and mustered out July 31, 1865.

Losses during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 53 Enlisted men by disease. Total 54.

3rd Battery Light Artillery

Organized at Burlington and mustered in January 1, 1864. Moved to Washington, D.C., January 15-18, and duty at Camp Barry until April 5. Attached to Artillery, 4th Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1864. Reserve Artillery, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1864. Reserve Artillery, 6th Army Corps, and Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Rapidan (Va.) Campaign May-June, 1864. Guard trains of the Army of the Potomac through the Wilderness and to Petersburg, Va. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Garrison Fort Morton June 20 to August 19, 1864. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. At Aiken House August 27-30. At Fort Sedgwick until September 6. At Avery House until September 19. At Fort Meikel September 19 to October 3. At Battery 27 until October 5. Moved to Poplar Springs Church October 5 and built Fort Urmston October 5-12. At Battery 16 October 12-25. Ordered to City Point October 25, and duty in the Defenses there until January, 1865. Joined 6th Army Corps at Weldon Railroad January 15, and stationed at Fort Fisher until April. Fort Fisher March 25. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Moved to City Point and duty there until May 3. March to Washington, D.C., March 3-18. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 15, 1862.

Losses: Died of disease 21.

 

Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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