Union Regimental Histories

 

Arkansas

 

1st Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Cassville and Springfield, Mo., June to August, 1862. Mustered in at Springfield, Mo., August 7, 1862. Attached to District of Southwest Missouri June to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1862. Unattached Army of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to June, 1863. District Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Frontier Division, 7th Army corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army corps, Dept. Arkansas, February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. Arkansas, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Regiment organizing at Cassville, Mo., until July 1, 1862. Moved to Springfield, Mo., July 1. Schofield's Campaign in Missouri and Arkansas August to December. 1st Battalion with Gen. Blunt and engaged near Newtonia September 15. Skirmish at Cassville September 21. Near Newtonia October 13 (1st Battalion). 2nd Battalion joins Army of the Frontier October 3. 1st and 2nd Battalions lead advance of Army during October. Stationed at Elkhorn Tavern and Cassville October 20 as outpost for 2nd and 3rd Divisions, Army Frontier. Huntsville November 5. Yocum Creek, Mo., November 15 (3 Cos.) (see note below). 3rd Battalion join November 11 to December 3. Moved to Join Gen. Blunt December 3-5. Illinois Creek December 7. Battle of Prairie Grove December 7. Middletown December 9. Expedition from Fayetteville to Huntsville, Ark., December 21-23. Duty at Fayetteville, Ark., to April 25, 1863. Defense of Springfield, Mo., January 8, 1863 (Detachment). Carrollton January 10. Expedition from Fayetteville to Van Buren January 23-27. Pope County January 25. Skirmishes at Vine Prairie, on White Oak River, and near mouth of Mulberry River, February 2-3. Skirmish, Pope County, February 5 (Detachment). Scout from Fayetteville to Arkansas River February 5-12. Threlkeld's Ferry February 6. Near Van Buren February 10. Arkadelphia February 15 (Detachment). White River March 6. Frog Bayou March 19. Washington and near White River March 22. Scouts from Fayetteville March 29-April 5. Cross Hollows March 30. Skirmishes in Carroll County, Mo., April 4 (Cos. "H" and "L"). White River April 9. Cabell's attack on Fayetteville April 18. Moved to Springfield, Mo., April 25-May 4. Elm Springs April 26. Duty at Springfield and Cassville until September, 1863. Skirmishes at Fayetteville June 4 and 15. Madison June 25. Near Cross Hollows July --. Cassville July 4. Near Elm Springs July 30. Pineville August 13. Washington August 30. Near Maysville September 5. Expedition from Springfield, Mo., into Arkansas and Indian Territory September 7-19. Near Enterprise September 15. Operations against Shelby's Raid into Arkansas and Missouri September 22-October 21. Reoccupation of Fayetteville September 22, and stationed there until February, 1865. Cassville, Mo., September 26, 1863. Demonstration on Fayetteville October 11-14. Cross Timbers October 15. Deer Creek October 16 (Detachment), Buffalo Mountain and Harrisonville October 24. Johnson County, Ark., October 26. Expedition to Frog Bayou, Ark., November 7-13. Near Huntsville November 9. Near Kingston November 10. Mt. Ida November 12. Scout from Fayetteville Dec. 16-31. Stroud's Store December 23. Buffalo River December 25. Searcy County December 31, Operations in Northwest Arkansas, Newton, Searcy, Izzard and Carroll Counties, against guerrillas January 16-February 15, 1864. Clear Creek and Tomahawk January 22. Bailey's Crooked Creek January 23. Rolling Prairie and near Burrowsville January 23. Crooked Creek February 5. White River February 7. Expedition against Freeman's Forces February 12-20. Black's Mills February 17. Carrollton March 13. Ben Brook's Mills March 27. Charlestown April 4. Skirmishes on Arkansas River and near Prairie Grove April 6-7. Rhea's Mills April 7. Washington May 28. Van Buren July 7. Operations in Central Arkansas August 9-15. Fayetteville August 14. Operations in Southwest Missouri and Northwest Arkansas August 15-24. Carrollton August 15. Richland Creek August 16. Expedition in Washington and Benton Counties August 2127. Mud Town August 24. Fayetteville August 27. Richland September 6. Scout from Fayetteville to Huntsville September 12-15. Rodger's Crossing of White River and Huntsville September 14. Huntsville September 18 (Detachment). Skirmishes, Barry County, October 8 and 18. Fayetteville October 14. Crawford County October 19. Benton County October 20. Fayetteville and Van Buren October 20. Operations about Fayetteville October 25-November 4. Skirmishes at Bentonville and Newbeon Bridge October 25. Van Buren October 26. Fayetteville October 27-28. Duty about Fayetteville and at Fort Smith until August, 1865. Skirmish near Van Buren April 2, 1865. Mustered out August 20, 1865.

Mr. Lyle Sparkman, Vice President of the Missouri Archaeological Society submitted the following regarding the Yocum Creek skirmish.

"You list "Yocum Creek, Mo., November 15 (3 Cos.)," which accurately reflects the OR. However, the National Archives believes that unlikely. They believe the Skirmish at Yocum Creek to take place in Carroll County, Arkansas, some 10 miles below the Missouri-Arkansas line. I have visited the site, reviewed the existing artifacts and papers, and interviewed locals. There is no doubt that the fight took place in Arkansas. There are burials in the immediate area, one of which is marked and dated as a trooper in Company K, 1 Ark Cav, US who is listed as dieing on Nov. 15 at Yocum Creek, Arkansas in the 1867 report to the Adjutant General of Arkansas. I have wondered why the battle was reported as being reported in Missouri when Cpt. Theodoric Youngblood, commanding Co. K, knew the area to be in Arkansas. Companies G & K were mustered from the very area of the fight. They were checking on Unionist families on that date when encountering rebel forces and hastening to evacuate the families to Elk Horn (now Pea Ridge NMP) in the west (Benton CO), where they arrived days later "in a state of severe destitution." It may be unpopular to counter the revered OR, but the archaeology and records soundly refute the Missouri location of the Nov. 15 skirmish in which, directly or by wounds, 8 members of the 1st Arkansas eventually died. "

2nd Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Helena, Ark., and Pilot Knob, Mo., July, 1862. Attached to Helena, Ark., District Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division, District Eastern Arkansas, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. Tennessee, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. Tennessee, to May, 1863. District of Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri, to October, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. Missouri, to January, 1865. Unattached Cavalry, District West Tennessee, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District West Tennessee, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty at Helena, Ark., until April, 1863. At Fayetteville, Ark., until July, 1863, and at Cassville, Mo., until September, 1864. (Co. "B" at Benton Barracks, Mo., June, 1863. At Cape Girardeau, Mo., July, 1863. Scout from Cape Girardeau to the Ash Hills and Poplar Bluff, Mo., August 9-18. Skirmish, Ash Hills, August 13. Expedition from Cape Girardeau to Pocahontas, Ark., August 18-26. Skirmishes, Pocahontas, August 22-23.) Elm Springs July 30. Near Fayette August 23 (Detachment). Jenny Lind September 1. Crawford County November 25. Barronsville, Searcy County, December 26. Waldron December 29. King's River January 10, 1864. Operations against Guerrillas in Northwest Arkansas, in Newton, Searcy, Izzard and Carroll Counties, January 16-February 15. Lewisburg January 17. Clear Creek and Tomahawk January 22. Bailey's or Crooked Creek January 23 (Co. "C"). Crooked Creek February 5. Tomahaw Gap February 9. Expedition from Rolling Prairie to Batesville February 19-April 4. Scouts from Yellville to Buffalo River March 13-26. Oil Trough Bottom March 24 (Detachment). Near White River March 25. Constant scouting and skirmishing with Guerrillas. Scouts from Bellefonte March 29-April 1. Whiteley's Mills April 5. Piney Mountain April 6. Osage Branch King's River April 16 (Co. "A"). Limestone Valley April 17. King's River April 19. Near mouth of Richland Creek May 3 and 5. Scout in Northern Arkansas May 17-22 (Co. "M"). Scout from Cassville to Cross Hollows June 9-14 and June 20-24. Near Maysville July 20. Operations in Southwest Missouri and Northwest Arkansas August 15-24. Scout from Ozark, Mo., to Dubuque Crossing and Sugar Loaf Prairie August 23-26 (Detachment). Expedition from Cassville, Mo., to Fayetteville, Ark., August 23-28 (Detachment). Gerald Mountain and Mud Town August 24. Operations against Price August 29-December 2. Moreau Creek, Jefferson City, October 7, Russellville October 9. California October 9. Near Booneville October 11-12. Fort Smith, Ark., October 14 (Detachment). Dover October 20. Little Blue October 21. Independence, Big Blue and State Line October 22. Big Blue and Westport October 23. Little Osage, Mine Creek, Marias des Cygnes, October 25. Engagement on the Marmiton, or Battle of Charlot, October 25. Newtonia October 28. Upshaw's Farm October 29. Expedition from Springfield, Mo., to Fort Smith, Ark., November 5-16. Near Cincinnati, Ark., November 6. Scout from Springfield to Huntsville and Yellville November 11-21. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., January, 1865. Duty there and in District of West Tennessee until August. Mustered out August 20, 1865.

3rd Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Little Rock, Ark., February, 1864. Attached to Post of Little Rock, Ark., 7th Army Corps, Dept. Arkansas, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. Post of Lewisburg, Ark., 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Operations in Northwest Arkansas January 16-February 15, 1864. Expedition from Batesville to near Searcy Landing January 30-February 3 (Detachment). Dardanelle March 15-17. Steele's Camden Expedition March 23-May 3. Skirmishes on Benton Road March 23-24. Rockport and Dover March 25. Quitman March 26. Arkadelphia March 29. Near Camden March 30. Spoonville and Terre Noir Creek April 2. Okolona April 2-3. Elkin's Ferry, Little Missouri River, April 3-4. Prairie D'Ann April 9-12. Camden April 15-18. Mark's Mills April 25. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. Operations against Shelby North of Arkansas River May 13-31. Cypress Creek May 13. Princeton May 27. At Lewisburg until September. Lewisburg June 10. Scout from Lewisburg June 20-23. Operations against Guerrillas in Arkansas July 1-31. Searcy County July 4. Petit Jean, Arkansas River, July 10. Near Pine Bluff July 22 (Detachment). Scout in Yell County July 25-August 11 (Detachment). Operations in Central Arkansas and Skirmishes August 9-15. Near Dardanelle August 30. Near Beattie's Mill September 1. Near Quitman September 2. Operations about Lewisburg September 6-8. Norristown September 6. Point Remove September 7-8. Glass Village September 8. Scout to Norristown and Russellville September 9-12 (Co. "D"). Ordered to Little Rock September 10, and duty there until February, 1865. Expedition from Little Rock to Fort Smith September 25-October 13 (Detachment). Skirmishes at Clarksville September 28. White Oak Creek September 29. Clarksville October 9. Reconnaissance from Little Rock toward Monticello and Mt. Elba October 4-11. Expedition to Fort Smith November 5-23. Near Cypress Creek, Perry County, December 1 (Co. "C"). Perry County December 3. Operations in Arkansas January 1-27, 1865. Dardanelle January 14. Ivey's Ford January 17. Boggs' Mills January 24. Duty at Lewisburg and operations against Guerrillas in that vicinity until August. Near Lewisburg February 12. Scout from Lewisburg into Yell and Searcy Counties March 12-23. Mustered out August 20, 1865.

4th Regiment Cavalry

Organized at Little Rock December, 1863. Attached to Post of Little Reek, Ark., 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Ark., to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. Unassigned, 7th Army Corps, to March, 1865. Cavalry Brigade, Little Rock, Ark., 7th Corps, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty at Little Rock, Ark., until June, 1865. Skirmish at Saline River, Ark., February 15, 1864. Cedar Glade March 1. Scout to Benton March 27-31. Mt. Elba March 30. Jenkins' Ferry, Camden, April 15. Dardanelle May 15-17. Operations in Arkansas against Guerrillas July 1-31. Near Benton July 6. Montgomery County July 11. Caddo Gap July 12. Fair's Mills and Bayou des Arc July 14. Saline River July 16. Scout to Benton September 6-7. Reconnaissance toward Monticello and Mt. Elba October 4-11. Reconnaissance to Princeton October 19-23. Skirmish, Hurricane Creek, October 23. Scout from Devall's Bluff to Searcy and Clinton November 9-15. Expedition from Little Rock to Fort Smith September 25-October 13. Skirmishes at Clarksville September 28 and October 9. White Oak Creek September 29. Scout from Little Rock to the Saline River April 26-29, 1865. Scout from Little Rock to Bayou Metoe and Little Bayou May 6-11. Mustered out June 30, 1865.

 

1st Battery Light Aruntilery

Organized at Fayetteville, Ark., and Springfield, Mo., January to August, 1863. At Fayetteville, Ark., January to April, 1863. Moved to Springfield, Mo., April 25-May 4, and duty there until September 21. Expedition from Springfield into Arkansas and Indian Territory September 7-19. Near Enterprise, Mo., September 15. Moved to Fayetteville, Ark., September 21, and duty there until March, 1864. Attached to District of Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to January, 1865. Aruntilery, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Actions at Cross Timbers, Mo., October 15 and 20, 1863. Moved to Fort Smith, Ark., March 19, 1864. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3, Prairie D'Ann April 9-13. Van Buren April 12. Camden April 15. Poison Springs April 18. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. March to Fort Smith May 3-16. Garrison duty there and at Fort Gibson until August, 1865. Action at Prior Creek September 18, 1864. Mustered out August 10, 1864.

1st Battery Light Aruntilery (African Descent)

Organized at Pine Bluff, Ark., June 4, 1864. Garrison duty at Pine Bluff, Ark. 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, until December, 1864. Designation changed to Battery "H," 2nd U.S. Colored Light Aruntilery, December 13, 1864.

1st Regiment Infantry

Organized at Fayetteville, Ark., and mustered in March 25, 1863. Attached to District Southwest Missouri, Dept. Missouri, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, Dept. Missouri, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty at Fayetteville, Ark., until April, 1863. Cabell's attack on Fayetteville April 18. March to Springfield, Mo., April 25-May 4, and duty there until July. Newton County June 14. Moved to Cassville July 6. Joined Army of the Frontier at Fort Gibson, C. N., August 17. Pursuit of Cabell to Perryville August 22-26. Perryville August 26. Devil's Back Bone, Back Bone Mountain, Fort Smith, September 1. Capture of Fort Smith September 1, and duty there until March, 1864. Moffatt's Station. Franklin County, September 27, 1863. Mt. Ida November 13. Scout from Waldron to Mt. Ida, Caddo Gap and Dallas December 2-7. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3. Prairie D'Ann April 9-13. Moscow April 13. Camden April 15-18. Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. March to Fort Smith May 1-16. Garrison duty at Fort Smith and escort and duty on the Frontier until August, 1865. Skirmish, Bates Township, November 2, and Newton County, November 15, 1864. Mustered out August 10, 1865.

1st Battalion Infantry

Organized at Helena, Ark., July 20, 1862. Attached to District of Eastern Arkansas and duty at Helena, Ark., until October. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., and duty at Benton Barracks, Mo., until December. Mustered out December 31, 1862.

1st Regiment Infantry (African Descent)

Organized in Arkansas at large May 1, 1863. Attached to Post of Goodrich Landing, District of Northeast Louisiana, Dept. Tennessee, to January, 1864. 1st Colored Brigade, District of Vicksburg, Miss., to May, 1864.

SERVICE.--Moved to Lake Providence, La., May 8-10, 1863, thence to Goodrich Landing and Post duty there until January, 1864. Skirmish at Mound Plantation June 24, 1863. Lake Providence and Mound Plantation June 28. Action at Goodrich Landing June 29. Duty at Haines Bluff, District of Vicksburg, until May, 1864.

Designation of Regiment changed to 46th U.S. Colored Troops May 11, 1864.

2nd Regiment Infantry

Organized at Springfield, Mo., and Fort Smith, Ark., October, 1863, to March, 1864. Organization completed at Fort Smith March 13, 1864. Attached to District of the Frontier, Dept. of Missouri, to January, 1864. District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corp., Dept. of Arkansas, January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th Corps, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Corps, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, District of the Frontier, 7th corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Corps, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Skirmish at Clarksville December 15, 1863. Affair at Jacksonport, Ark., November 21, 1863. At Fort Smith until March, 1864. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-May 3. Prairie D'Ann April 9-12. Moscow April 13. Limestone Valley April 17 (Detachment). Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, April 30. Duty at Little Rock until July and at Lewisburg until September. Ordered to Little Rock September 10, and duty there until October 18. Escort train to Fort Smith October- November. Moved to Clarksville December 31, and duty there and at Fort Smith until August. Mustered out August 8, 1865.

2nd Regiment Infantry (African Descent)

Organized in Arkansas at large September 4, 1863. Attached to District Eastern Arkansas, Dept. Arkansas, to January, 1864. District Eastern Arkansas, 7th Army Corps, Dept. Arkansas, January, 1864. Post of Little Rock, Ark., 7th Corps, to March, 1864.

SERVICE.--Post and Garrison duty at Helena, Ark., until January, 1864. Repulse of Holmes' attack on Helena July 4, 1863 (before muster in). Ordered to Little Rock, Ark., January, 1864, and Post duty there until March.

Designation of Regiment changed to 54th U. S. Colored Troops March 11, 1864.

3rd Regiment Infantry

Organization not completed.

3rd Regiment Infantry (African Descent)

Organized at St. Louis, Mo., August 12, 1863. Attached to District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. Arkansas, to January, 1864. Little Rock, Ark., 7th Army Corps, Dept. Ark., to March, 1864.

SERVICE.--Ordered to Helena, Ark., and Post duty there and at Little Rock until March, 1864. Expedition from Helena up White River February 4-8, 1864, and up St. Francis River February 13-14.

Designation of Regiment changed to 56th U.S. Colored Troops March 11, 1864.

4th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Batesville and Fort Smith, Ark., January to May, 1864. Attached to District of Northeast Arkansas, Dept. of Arkansas, to June, 1864. District of the Frontier, 7th Army Corps, to October, 1864.

SERVICE.--Operations in Northeast Arkansas January 1-30, 1864. Lunenburg January 19 (Detachment). Morgan's Mills, Spring River, White County, February 9. Waugh's Farm, near Batesville, February 19. Scout from Batesville February 25. At Clarksville until May 18. Moved to Fort Smith May 18, and duty there until July 21. Moved to Little Rock July 21, and duty there until October. Organization not completed and Regiment transferred to 2nd Arkansas Infantry October 28, 1864.

4th Regiment Infantry (African Descent)

Organized at Devall's Bluff, Little Rock and Helena, Ark., December 2, 1863. Attached to District of Eastern Arkansas, 7th Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to March, 1864, and on duty at Helena.

Designation of Regiment changed to 57th U.S. Colored Troops March 11, 1864.

5th Regiment Infantry (African Descent)

(See 112th United States Colored Troops)

6th Regiment Infantry (African Descent)

(See 113th United States Colored Troops)

 

Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion" by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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